The Significance of Landscape in the Evolution of the City State of Singapore

11 February 2019



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Permissions: Darren Chin

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Andrew Grant has worked in Singapore on a number of landscape and planning projects, including the award-winning Gardens by the Bay, which featured in David Attenborough’s Planet Earth 2.

Singapore promotes itself as a ‘City in a Garden’ as a means of differentiating the state from competing economic centres and to create the conceptual framework for a better quality of life for its residents. Nurturing and enhancing the unique land-scape and nature of Singapore is at the heart of Government policy, and has been since Lee Kuan Yew began to define the future vision for the city state in 1965.

This talk will outline how the landscape of Singapore has continued to evolve in response to global pressures and opportunities from its earliest history as a dense jungle populated with tigers, through the impact of Raffles and the East India Company opening up SE Asia for spices, rubber, coffee and tea; Singapore’s Botanic Gardens; the role of landscape in Lee Kuan Yew’s city state vision and through to Singapore as a City in a Garden and its new landscape icons such as Gardens by the Bay.

Andrew Grant, Landscape architect and director of Grant Associates, Bath