Children's Workshops Programme 2014 - 2015
'Serious fun’ workshops for children over 8 (unless otherwise stated) every 2nd Saturday in the month
If you want to see pictures of past workshops scroll down. If you want to ask questions or post comments go to http//:www.brlsiyouthgallery.org
Bath Young Inventor of the Year Award
Bath Royal Literary and Scientific Institution
invites all families to the launch of an exciting new competition
The Bath Young Inventor of the Year Award 2015.
The competition aims to find the best would-be inventors aged 18 and under who love exploring ideas and coming up with new inventions. Professor Tony Miles of the Department of Mechanical Engineering at the University of Bath will officially open the competition. Parents and children are invited to come and find out how they can enter the competition and to get some inspiration from a display of local inventions. And at the openiong there will be a chance to accept two challenges: a 90 second challenge to make a ‘bridge’ using a sheet of A4 paper and a 20 minute challenge to make a bridge using drinking straws
Friday 16 January 2015 6 - 7pm
At The Museum of Bath at Work, Camden Works, Julian Road, Bath, BA1 2RH
RSVP by 9 January 2015 to firstname.lastname@example.org
The Bath Young Inventor of the Year Award 2015.
The closing date is June 15th 2015.
Entries to be delivered at10:00 am on July 18th to the Museum of Bath at Work.
There are two categories. The first for children under 12 and the second for young people 12 – 18. (Age as on July 18th)
There will be an annual trophy
All entrants will receive a certificate of entry and prizes will awarded to all outstanding entries
The competition will be judged by local entrepreneurs, inventors and academics.
Specification and further details for competition
Produce a table top exhibit backed up by any necessary ‘blueprints’ and instructions and a short (no more than 3 minute oral) presentation to explain and or to demonstrate any idea for a practical solution to any identified problem, task or a technological or engineering challenge.
Entrants will need to explain:
- The need for the invention and the possible market.
- The way in which the invention solves the identified problem
- The way in which the invention can be made.
Ideally entrants should provide a working model, but this is not essential
The exhibit should fit onto a table top measuring a maximum of 140 cm x 70 cm x 70 cm
It can be completed in any medium or mixed media eg working models, digital representation, drawings or instruction manuals
Support will be provided if needed.
There will be a small exhibition at Bath at Work (normal opening hours) from January 17th 2015 until June giving inspiration, ideas and advice.
If you express an early interest BRLSI, Bath at Work and the organising committee will offer additional information and support via email@example.com
Entries (free) can be made at firstname.lastname@example.org by leaving Name. Date of Birth. Email. Telephone Number and Address or by post or in person to The Bath Young Inventor of the Year Award 2015 BRLSI 16 Queen Square, BA1 2HN
Spring Term Programme
. - Very sorry most of these workshops are now full. All that is left are 3 places for Be a Zoologist on February 14th
Crazy Chemistry with Dr. Dave. This is a repeat of the very successful chemistry workshop we ran last year. Make PVA Slime! Find out about Chromatography by indulging in a bit of food colouring. Do a spot of molecule isomerism and if you don’t know what that is, come and find out. And use red cabbage in a unique and ingenious way.
Adelard of Bath and his bag of medicine maths and science. 900 years ago Adelard returned to Bath with a bag containing some amazing discoveries. He had just been to the Middle East. He and his friend the Bishop made Bath the healthiest city in Britain! His nephew was so excited he asked Adelard to write a book about all his discoveries. We’ll be delving into the amazing bag of knowledge and trying to answer some of Adelard’s nephew’s questions. (12 places only)
Be a zoologist with Dr Emily. Use the tools of the trade to find out more about what a zoologist does and you’ll be a zoologist too.
Have a heart on Valentine’s Day with Dr Geoff. Get your hands on a heart and see how it works. (16 places only)
Brainwave with Dr Sarah. As part of brain awareness week this workshop will look at how the brain works by taking part in four fun activities. Students from the University of Bath will be helping her. This is a repeat of last year’s very successful workshop. It is suitable for all children aged 8 – 10. (16 places only)
What’s all the noise about? Find out about the what, why and how of noise. Where do sounds come from and where do sounds go? Make your own noise and be astounded. (16 places only)
Please note that once a place is booked we cannot refund fees paid in the event of non attendance.
The Summer Term Programme will be announced on January 31st and bookings will be accepted from February 1st
Reports and pictures from previous workshops:-
BRLSI Young Researchers Saturday December 13th
It was the second time that BRLSI Young Researchers had met with their supervisors
from the University of Bath, Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering.
Marie from BRLSI and Paul from the University of Bath
are cordinating the programme.
First everybody had to report back on their progress over the last month.
There are five small groups each led by a supervisor.
Paul was interested to see what the progress was.
Then there was an exercise to learn research skills. Two of the
most important skills are observation and recording.
After completing the exercise everybody's skills were tested in a group.
Watched on by Leo, Paul's 5 year old son, who is already a keen student.
I wonder what Hastings Elwin (the bust in the background) would have made
of it. He helped found the BRLSI nearly 200 years ago. In those days young
people and children were to be seen but not heard! Now BRLSI and The
University of Bath (which was founded 50 years ago) are bringing
the world of research to young scientists.
Water works for us all Saturday December 13th
Hajira brought some bottles full of water that was very, very smelly.
She told us that we had to make sure the tops of the bottles were screwed
on very tightly. Then we had to shake the botttles. After we shook them
they smelt even worse!
Hajira told us about Water Aid and how some children have to walk very
great distances every day to collect clean water. Bristol Water encourages
people to support this water charity which helps people build wells and
improve sewerage systems. We learned all sorts of things....
...then she got out the toilets.
We had to do the toilet challenge. After that we had a water quiz to find out
how much we knew about water.
We found out that water is made up of molecules which are made up of
atoms of hydrogen and oxygen.
We collected water in a pipette to examine the effect of
drops falling into a bowl of water.
We found out about surface tension by floating
a paper clip on a glass of water. Yes! You can actually do it.
We found out that you can use detergent to break up the
molecule and reduce surface tension. We actually
made matchsticks sail round the bowls on their own.
Best of all was trying to get a lump of plasticine to float. It wasn't easy,
but it can be done.
At the end of the afternoon we all gave a presentation ,,,,
to explain what we had done.
Meanwhile Hajira had to tidy up.
Milky Way Zoo Saturday December 13th
Charles Draper of the Herschel Society led this workshop. He had hoped to link up with the Faulkes telescope
on Hawaii using the BRLSI computer. Unfortunately it was cloudy on Hawaii. So it was not possible to see
live pictures. Fortunately he had saved pictures from other viewings. So we spent the time helping
to identify and classify galaxies for the Galaxy Zoo project. It was really interesting but not quite
as much fun as live pictures . Charles hopes that the next workshop in May will have fine weather.
The BRLSI Members Christmas Party Saturday December 6th
This was an activity with a difference. It ended with carol singing.........
and topping out the Christmas tree and switching on the lights.
It began with riding the hovercraft.
It was a treat for all ages.
There were delicious refreshments for everybody but only the adults were
allowed the mulled wine!
There were science tricks for everybody to have a go at.
Especially the plasma ball and finding out about electricity.
Then there was finding out about flight by making our own plane and flying it.
The most important job was using geometry and origami
to make decorations for the Christmas tree.
It wasn't straightforward.
All ages had a go....
...and then we put our creations on the tree.
There was an interval when we watched Ed, Queenie and Natalie
demonstrate how to make ice cream using liquid nitrogen!
It was really cool.
The ice cream was delicious.
For people who had brought their thinking caps there were two quizzes to
answer. They were difficult. Bob gave us all the answers!
Then we sang carols, switched on the lights...
...admired the Christmas tree and all our decorations.
And then we went home.
BRLSI 6th form Philosophy Seminars in conjunction with the Royal Institute of Philosophy
and the University of Bristol. Held on 6 Wednesday afternoons during the Autumn Term
It is the 5th year that BRLSI has run these successful seminars. They are chaired
by a doctoral student in the philsophy department at The University of Bristol.
The seminars are greatly appreciated by the students because they give an
opportunity to explore issues which the school curriculum is not able to offer.
By extending horizons in thinking it also challenges learning. But meeting at
BRLSI is also fun because it is different and offers wider opprtunities.
The Royal Society of Chemistry Experiment November 8th
The experiment made you think quite hard.
You also had to observe very closely and measure
It was all about indigestion tablets.
We had to grind the tablets up.
Then we had to mix in acid to find out the
neutralising strength of different indigestion
tablets by titration.
It was really imteresting.
Make it fly November 8th
This workshop was about flight. From making five different kinds of paper aeroplanes
which fly in very different ways
to a hot air balloon. It was all about demonstrating
why and how things fly.
Duncan showed us the designs of the different types
of paper plane.
We made the planes.
Then we test flew them. We watched carefully to
see which design flew in which way. Some went fast
and long, some glided gently. We could change the
direction and distance by changing the shape and
position of the wing flaps and the nose of the aircraft.
Of course a plane is not the only method of flight. We made an
alka seltza rocket, It shot off really hard, fast and high. It was
quite dangerous so we had to wear goggles. First we prepared
it, then stood back.
The hot air balloon was much more leisurely.
We used a source of heat. It filled the bag. Then
slowly it rose into the air.
Another way of flying is the hover craft. It felt quite weird floating over the
floor on a cushion of air.
We learned about air pressure. It was amazing.
The wing of a plane gets lighter when it faces in one
direction and heavier when it points down. If you blow
between two balloons they get closer together!
And blowing a hair dryer over slips of paper doesn't push
the paper down it sucks it up!
We learned some amazing things, like how
helicopter blades have copied sycamore seeds
We wrote up the results and finally we made a presentation and
told everyone else what we had learned.
It was a great day. Physics for some and chemistry
for the rest of us. Really cool fun.
BRLSI Young Scientist Researchers November 8th
A group of 11 teenagers met with 5 PhD students from the University
of Bath to devise a research programme.
The doctoral students from the Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering
aim to share their research with the BRLSI Young Scientists and
to involve them in topics associated with their university studies.
The project will last six months.
In May all those involved in this initiative will present their findings.
Light show at Snowhill October 28th
It was really fascinating, looking carefully to find out all about light rays by following the instructions to 15 different
Anshu showed us a dynamo. She explained that if you have copper
wire and a magnet and you spin the copper wire you produce electricity
and can light a bulb.
We learned about optical illusions. If you flick a series
of pictures fast enough you can have a cartoon show!
Mirror writing is amazing. Reflections are reverse images.
If you know how, you can use mirrors to multiply your money!
Valentin explained that if you interrupt light's journey by blocking it with
your fingers and hand you can make an amazing puppet show!
Everybody was really impressed.
Light is really fantastic and so cool! It was a great
afternoon, made even more special because they had
just changed the clocks and we went out into darkness.
Light Fantastic. October 11th
We found out lots about the everyday use of light. Simple
things that we take for granted....
..are truly amazing.
The Mayor visited the workshop and was very interested when she saw the experiments
and met some of us.
Just learning about what happens when you interrupt
rays of light was great fun.
Multiplying money so that you could see more than one
coin was really intriguing.
Emma from the Physics Department at the University of Bath ran the Light
Workshop. David introduced her and she explained to the Mayor the work the student volunteers
contribute to the BRLSI STEM programme.
We learned a great deal about reflected light using equipment
like a periscope and a torch.
We saw how it is possible to bend light rays. When light
hits water it slows down. This pencil in a glass of water
The Mayor was really interested and Edouard from The University explained.
When we had completed all the experiments we presented some of the
information we had learned to all the other teams. One of the interesting
activities was making a pinhole camera. Here is a diagram of how it works.
The whole workshop was great but being able to take home a pinhole camera
we had made was really cool.
Magical Maths October 11th
We had to use numbers to mind read. By asking people to think
about their birthday and then choose a number we could tell them
the date of their birthday!
Making the magic square, so that all the numbers added up in
the correct sequence, required a great deal of concentration.
Jayne from the University of Bath Spa who devised the
workshop came round and explained things.
She wanted us to find out why the numbers worked in the way that
We had to record all that we had found out, so that we
could go home and show our families the tricks
we had learned,
The refreshment break was well needed after so much hard work.
The Mayor had a cup of tea too. David explained how our Research Portfolios
It was a really busy workshop.
Then everybody listened to our presentations and found out what we
had learned and enjoyed.
We used a microphone so that people at the back of the Elwin
Room could hear us.
It was a really fun afternoon
Royal Society of Chemistry Lectures for 6th form students October 8th
Over 110 students and staff from local 6th forms crowded into BRLSI
to listen to a series of lectures given by academics from the Universities
of Bath and Bristol.
There were breaks during the afternoon lectures to enable participants
and lecturers to share ideas and compare notes.
The afternoon was not only enjoyable but gave students the chance to
hear about the latest advances in knowledge and also to meet other
young scientists from a variety of institutions.
Intriguing Science September 13th
It was a really fun day. One of things we had to do was
look carefully at quirky objects and guess what they were.
This was a Portuguese fisherman's hat.
The Deputy Mayor, Liz (who organised the day) and John who ran the stall
about minerals, really enjoyed it too.
There were experiments about air pressure.
We had to blow into various things and make a note
of what happened. None of the results were what you expected!
There was one stall about how magnets are used to make electricity.
It was really interesting to watch what happened when you dropped
a magnet down a series of tubes.
Marie explained how the BRLSI Research Portfolio works. It is one way to
The day was open to everybody, not just 8+ children, so some very young
engineers really enjoyed it and wasn't Mum proud.
Kath, the engineer asked us 'What does an engineer look like?'
and 'How do engineers keep safe?'.
Ben showed us how to use raspberry pi.
We tried to complete geometric puzzles that the Greeks invented two
and a half thousand years ago.
Adelard was on hand to demonstrate one of the world's earliest computers.
It is called the abacus and he brought it to Bath 900 years ago.
And we used a modern day equivalent of an astrolabe.
It was an instrument used to locate the stars and so
help with navigation. Adelard also brought that to Bath.
It was quite complicated maths, but we were able to
work out the height of a nearby church.
BRLSI is hoping to erect a memorial to Adelard in the centre of
Bath. A member brought his model for the proposed model.
It is beautiful. When you look deep into the memorial you see
reflected pin pricks of light, just like the night sky.
Digital Makers brought some basic pieces of computer
hardware and we had to wire them up.
David and Jaspreet showed us how to isolate out DNA in a test tube!
We looked very, very carefully at minerals
And we juggled balls and clubs to find out more about geometry.
Some of us made a meccano monster which wasn't the
kind of engineering structure, Bob who ran the stall, expected!
It was a really interesting and very popular day.
Summer Competition winners.
The competition was to provide any kind of exhibit about extinction. The winners brought their exhibits to BRLSI and explained them. Then they received their prizes.
Mum, Gran and the competition winners joined Rob Randall and Henry Ford of BRLSI Collections.
They are standing below the 24 foot fossil cast in the Lonsdale Room. This is plesiosaurus (a dinosaur equivalent that lived in the sea).
It was found on the coast of Yorkshire.
The two brothers looked at the extinction of the dinosaurs. This was the moment an asteroid collided with the earth.
This was a five year old's interpretation of the death of the dinosaurs.
Henry Ford chairman of the BRLSI collections presented the awards.
He explained that the reason for the competition was the commemoration of the
extinction of the passenger pigeon exactly one hundred years ago at about 12pm on September 1st 1914.
It was caused by human interference, in particular hunting and the destruction of the bird's natural habitat for farming.
Rob Randall explained that the extinction of the dinosaur was for entirely different reasons. He pointed out that there
are very few dinosaur fossils in the UK because when the creatures roamed the earth Britain was under the sea!
Saturday July 12th
Be an Engineer.
The workshop was all about feats of engineering and the ways in which engineers work.
Kathryn a Civil Engineer led the workshop. Unfortunately she had broken her ankle gardening but that did not deter her. She still came in to BRLSI to show us how to build bridges and how important cogs, levers, wheels, axles and pulleys are.
She also brought her Personal Protective Equipment in, so that we could learn about safety. Most of us tried it on. We found out all about the different colours used according to whether you work on the railway or the roads or on building sites.
Kathryn also brought in 15 photographs of some of the greatest feats in engineering, including the pyramids, several of Bath's bridges across the river Avon, The Clifton Suspension Bridge and the amazing Ferrari Building. We had to identify them. Then we had to look carefully at the pictures of different types of bridges and work out how they had been constructed.
We chose which type of bridge we planned to build.
The models were made out of paper straws.
Different teams chose different types of bridge.
When we finished making the models we had to test them for strength. Their load bearing varied according to the type of construction we chose. Considering the bridges were made of paper drinking straws some of them held quite heavy weights.
There were other things to learn too. We used lego kits to make a variety of pulleys.
It wasn't just about making models, we had to experiment with them to find out which were the most effective arrangements. Here different types of axles are being tested.
It was really interesting finding out how levers worked.
You had to think quite hard to work some of the things out.
At the end of the afternoon we explained what we had learned and what we had enjoyed most.
Each team chose their own way of presenting their findings and each presentation was different.
It was a really great afternoon.
Saturday June 14th
Buildathon with the Radio Society of Great Britain
The volunteers from RSGB arrived very early at about 8:30am to set up all the equipment.
Steve led the workshop.
Cllr Furze, who came to the very first Children's Workshop, when he was Mayor, visited. He is always very interested and he wanted to find out what was going on.
The RSGB set up a radio station. All afternoon they made contact with other broadcasters. It was 'Museums On The Air' weekend. We hoped to make contact with museums across Europe. Unfortunately the weather conditions were difficult. We did manage to contact one other country. The Scottish Maritime Museum answered our call!
The important thing was to find out how to make a radio.
It wasn't always easy.
We helped each other, as a team.
Cllr Furze had a go himself.
Kath explained the process and also described the STEM ambassador programme which is aimed at improving 'communicating science' by students and professionals working the various STEM fields of practical application and research. BRLSI Science workshops form part of this initiative.
Duncan (a University of Bath PhD student) encouraged us by explaining some of the background physics.
'TX films', an offshoot of RSGB also spent the afternoon with us. They were filming for a slot they have planned for 'YouTube' which will spread the word about BRLSI Workshops to a much wider audience.
Towards the end of the afternoon we began to queue up to check with Steve that the radios worked. We were all 'over the moon' when our radios received clar signals!
It was great fun and such a relief when we succeeded and took home a working radio. In addition we were all given a leaflet with ideas on how to use it at home. It was a fabulous afternoon. Cool on a hot day of great effort! .
Fossils and other things
The volunteers arrived early to set up. First some of them posed for a group photograph.
and then after that...
Hiitesh and Marie worked hard on the new interactive website for the BRLSI workshops which we hope to have up and running for the summer holidays. It will have competitions and activities for all of us to have a go at from the middle of July to the beginning of September.
All the other volunteers worked hard at setting up the workshop. Jude had a chat with Bob about the arrangements.
Then the workshop began. There were four different activities.
Jan and John from the Bath Geological Society explained the fossil specimens.
There was a washing line to demonstrate geological time. We had to peg up pictures of different significant moments in the development of the earth.
It was quite difficult deciding which 'event' came before another. In all there were 15 to put in order. Most of them were cramped up into the last few centimetres of the line!
There was an opportunity to find out about sedimentary rocks and how they were laid down and how the movement of the surface of the earth caused them to be folded and contorted.
Half way through we had a refreshment break.
The fourth exercise was about deposits in caves, especially stalagmites and stalactites. We had photographs of fragile specimens held in the BRLSI Collections. We had to find out how and where they were deposited and plot them on a diagrammatic map of a cave system. There were nearly a dozen different shapes located in very different places.
After we had completed all the activities we had to prepare for the presentation.
Each group made a presentation. One group used the overhead projector. We all used the microphone to make sure everybody could hear what we were saying.
It was really amazing to hold creatures that were millions and millions of years old and even better to find out about them. This was really serious fun.
BRLSI at Queen Square Festival of Nature June 7th 10am to 4pm
The day began with some visitors enjoying fossils in the Jurassic Ark at 16 Queen Square.
Across the square other vistors were meeting Adelard.
It was The Festival of Nature. Everyone was made to feel very welcome.
There were lots of tents with a variety of activities.
The BRLSI stall was in the biggest tent.
Richard was on the stall just before 10:00am when the festival began.
Roger was on his stall supervising the dissection of owl pellets. He then led a walk round the Botanical Gardens to find the nesting boxes children had made at the November workshop and installed in 11 trees dotted around the park. It was really interesting. Sadly only one nesting box had been used. We hope that next year all of them will be home to a pair of nesting birds.
Meanwhile at the BRLSI stall some of the members chatted.
And there were lots of other visitors. Bath's MP Don Foster took time not only to visit the stall but to buy a copy of the book about Adelard and to find out more about the children's workshops from somebody who knows! In all over 2,000 people visted the Festival and most of them visited our stall. At least that was what it felt like. It was a really great day out.
Invent it! May 10th
20 young would be inventors came to this building, the site of Dr Oliver's house. Dr Oliver invented the Oliver biscuit. So it was an appropriate place to start inventing all sorts of things .
Inventing a new card game.
Inventing a new shadow puppet shape.
Using a modern invention (Raspberry Pi) to devise a new website.
Ben, who showed us how to use the Raspberry Pi, is a patent attorney. He was able to explain to everyone how important it is to patent inventions to prevent them being stolen and how to do it.
Ryan encouraged everyone to learn about circuits and how to make an electro magnet.
Some people worked out how to make a rocket from string, sticky tape, a balloon and a clothes peg!
John explained how important shapes and geometry can be in designing new items.
Some clever people designed a way of sending a whisper right across a big room using string and paper cups.
Once you had made something you had to describe the design so that other people could copy your idea.
At the end of the afternoon each team explained what they had done, what they had made and how useful the ideas were.
There were quite a lot interesting ideas. It had been hard work but it was fun..
Join it! Soldering with Bob Draper May 10th
Rohan explained how to make a moisture detector by soldering an electrical circuit.
Down in the courtyard another group was learning how to prepare copper tubing for soldering. Soon they would use a blow torch to join the copper tubes.
It was a proud moment when the tubing was soldered together.
The moisture detector was more complicated. Duncan explained how it all fitted together.
But the most fun thing was using the blow torch to make the shining copper tubing.
At the end of the afternoon everyone made a presentation to explain what they had done and what they had learned.
Bright Sparks in the Wind with Jess Haywood April 12th
Jess started the workshop by explaining how electricity can be made from wind turbines.
One of the activities involved using various component parts to make a scale model of a wind turbine. Steph. explained the workings of the model.
Edouard and Lucy checked that the turbine was charging correctly.
You have to make sure that the turbine is aligned correctly.
Tanya explained how to make a wind turbine using paper cups
The turbine had to be tested.
Then all the results had to be written up.
The last activity was making a hovercraft.
To make the hovercraft we had to use a glue gun to stick the various parts together.
A bottle top, a balloon and a CD make a very effective hovercraft, using the 'wind' from an inflated balloon.
The CD hovercraft is really effective and travels quite fast across a smooth surface, although on the BRLSI carpet it was not very good on account of the friction.
After we had completed all the activities and made our models we had to explain how they worked and which activity we enjoyed most. Here the cup turbine was the preferred activity.
This was the presentation which explained how the hovercraft worked. Everyone agreed that this was a really fun activity and took their hovercraft home. Jess had organised a fantastic workshop. We now know a lot more about how wind power can be used.
Cooking Up Cool Science, with Ed Snow. April 12th
Ed, Queenie and Marie chatting about the organisation of the workshop.
Ed encouraged everyone to consider which flavours they preferred.
Lisa made sure that everyone examined the specimens very carefully.
Ed wanted everyone to examine different types of jelly.
All the observations had to be recorded.
Ed served everyone with ice cream made by using Liquid Nitrogen.
And ice cream was the star of the workshop and the centre of attention for the presentation.
Paulton Girl Guides. April 3rd. Encounters with Physics
BRLSI was invited to join two dozen or so Girl Guides to share some of the Institute of Physics experiments, like making waves of sound.
or sharing the vibrations.
It wasn't just about sound. There was also an investigation into the characteristics of light. Using Newton's wheel was intriguing.
Finding out about spectra by using a spectroscope was really interesting.
There were also experiments about magnetism and electricity. Finding out about the strength of magnets using iron filings was fun.
Making electricity by shaking a magnet inside a coil of copper wire was amazing and then seeing how..
the copper wire and magnet coupled to a battey makes the shaking torch work.
Making electricity is simple; all you need is copper, a magnet and movement. It doesn't matter whether it is the magnet or the copper wire moving. Here the dynamo moves the copper wire below a magnet. It is amazing what you learn at Guides and every evening is great fun!
Bath Taps into Science
March 21st and March 23rd at University of Bath and Green Park
More than a decade ago BRLSI members Chris Budd, Peter Ford and Bob Draper set up Bath Taps into Science and it has gone from strength to strength. This year it was another resounding success. BRLSI had a stall both at The University and Green Park
Chris Budd and Steve Kimmins set up the telescopes for the BRLSI stand.
Richard Hartley joined Steve to check the magnetism and electricity table.
Vicky and Steve checked the spectroscope experiment.
Vicky explained all about the plasma ball which was very popular.
The telescopes were a great success too.
Working out how vibrations have to be controlled by musical instruments to make music, was fun.
Bob Draper helped to set it all up. Here he is at Green Park
where Tony Symes was in charge of the Plasma Ball and the spectroscope experiment.
The cardboard cup telephone experiment kept people talking about sound waves and vibrations.
Richard used magnets to detect forged coins.
There was lots to do and it was very enlightening, Thanks to all the volunteers who worked so hard on both days to make Bath Taps such a success.
Brainwave March 22nd
It was all about the brain. A group of students from Bath University Pharmacy and Pharmacology Department had arranged a morning workshop.
They brought along a series of 'hands on' activities.
Dr Sarah Bailey led the workshop.
It was really interesting.
Reading the instructions.
Making neurons from pipe cleaners.
Then when the model was finished making notes about how they worked.
Neurons are quite complicated.
The size of brains varies according to the animal. Is this really the size of a dinosaur's brain?
An elephant's brain is really heavy.
Making a model of a human brain using a balloon required a great deal of concentration.
It was fun using the computers.to find out about how the brain identifies colours.
Testing reflexes was really cool.
Everything had to be understood and then written down.
At the end of the workshop Stephen the artist who had created an exhibtion about brains joined Sarah in asking everyone what they most liked about the workshop
It had all been so good that choosing just one activity was very difficult.
Launch of BRLSI Children's Workshops website
Hittesh from Bath University very generously gave up a lot of time to design and build the new website.
Paul Stephens a trustee and chairman of the BRLSI Programme Sub Committee accepted the website on behalf of the institution, thanked Hittesh and launched the site.
Hittesh explained how the website would work and how children will be able to post their own comments on the site.
Hittesh has offered to train all volunteers and families who are interested in using the website.
Getting Close up to Wetness.
at The Roman Baths, with the Institute of Physics. March 15th
It was twilight in the Roman Baths and we crept in to do a little bit of wet physics.
Miranda from The Institute of Physics came along to help us.
Caroline and Joan from BRLSI came in early to set the experiments up and check that they worked. They both agreed you could actually see water molecules move.
Joan helped people to see the little 'beasts' that live in pond water.
Dom supervised the challenge to make a ball of plasticine float in water!
Another challenge was to turn a full glass of water upside down without spilling any. All you need is a postcard! Edouard then explained that the trick was just a law of physics.
Watching a coin appear from nowhere in a tray of water was extremely intriguing.
And did you know that you can make a magnifying glass out of water? Dom knows.
And it was quite extraordinary that you could pour water into a funnel over an empty bottle and the water would not go down! That's physics too.
Miranda encouraged everyone to think about what water is. She also helped all the visitors to examine very closely the world famous waters of the 'hot springs' at Bath. And when she wasn't doing that...
... she explained how you can use a glass of water to bend a pencil.
It was a busy evening. Some of us got very wet. Then at 8 o'clock we had to rush away because hordes of Brownies were going to have a 'sleep over'.
Hope they didn't see the ghost of Bladud rising from the steaming waters of the bath.
BRLSI/Royal Society of Chemistry
6th form lecture March 12th
Dr. Beth Anderson (RSC) and Dr David Haywood (BRLSI) jointly hosted the event.
About 100 students from local 6th forms attended the event.
Beth welcomed one of the speakers.
And while the participants waited...
Dr Anderson chatted to some of them.
It was an interesting afternoon and got everyone talking. David Haywood was really pleased with the success of the afternoon
'mysciencefair' at Wiltshire Music Centre, Bradford on Avon. 9th March
Three physics students and three BRLSI volunteers took a stall of experiments to 'myscience fair'.
There was a long queue to get in. Over 250 people attended.
There were lots and lots of experiments to look at. They had all been devised by children who were competing to find out who was the young experimenter of the year..
While the children waited for the judges to make up their minds, they visited the BRLSI stall and other activities. Because it was held in a music centre BRLSI took some of its experiments about sound and music. This is a kalimba.
Steffan explained all about vibrations and amplifying the very quiet sound of a tuning fork by using a sound box.
It was a family event, so some dads helped too.
Ryan and Edouard also explained about electrons
Watching the flight paths of electrons across the plasma ball was cool, although if you kept your hand on the ball for too long it got quite hot.
It was a really interesting day.
We enjoyed ourselves. We really liked all of the experiments. The stall was fun too. Lots of people were interested and said that the workshops at 16 Queen Square sounded very interesting and they might come along. We said we hoped that they would and maybe share their experiments with us.
More Bright Sparks 8th March
Emma from the University of Bath Physics Department led the Bright Sparks Workshop. She was joined by colleagues, students from Norland College and BRLSI volunteers. Some of the volunteers arrived two hours before the workshop was due to start to set up the experiments. Here Emma tests the plasma ball which was very popular.
Valentin was responsible for all the static electricty experiments
Everyone joined a team and visited the various experiments. Here Jan helps his team at the wiring table.
Emma went round helping and encouraging.
It is amazing how much static electricity you can generate!
Stephanie explained how important magnets are in the production of electricity. She used see-through boxes of iron filings to show the magnetic force fields.
Vicky used a floating compass to explain that the earth is a gigantic magnet.
Pip explained that magnets have a north and south pole too!
Ryan supervised the dropping of magnets down various tubes. It was interesting to see that a magnet dropped down a copper tube takes a very long time. This observation is fundamental to understanding how electricity is generated. Lenz's law no less.
Edouard encouraged everyone to understand the link between dropping a magnet down a copper tube and the way a dynamo generates electricity.
Anshu helped to solve the challenge of lighting a bulb by using a pencil, a pair of scissors and a battery. It really did work! Now that is circuitry. Then she used the plasma ball to demonstrater how electrons can travel through our bodies and out the other side.
One of the very interesting moments was when Duncan helped everyone to construct more traditional electrical circuits using wires, batteries and bulbs.
Then it was back to the team tables. Amy encouraged her team to prepare for the presentation.
Lucy's team decided to use the overhead projector for their presentation
Carole helped with the ideas needed to explain how the plasma ball worked.
Will's team came up with some interesting facts. It really was an electric afternoon, full of Bright Sparks!
Galaxy Zoo 8th March
Charles of the Herschel Society who was leading the workshop had hoped to use the giant Faulkes telescope in S E Australia to find galaxies. Sadly it was cloudy!
It did not put off BRLSI young astronomers. Charles had saved images from previous days' observations. So it was possible to identify and classify as planned.
Needless to say the children's activities team worked hard applying the skills Charles had taught.
Working in teams, they began to prepare presentations, which they planned to deliver to all the members of BRLSI Children's Workshops. Their aim was to explain and describe what they had seen and learned.
It wasn't easy cramming two hours of learning and observation into a three minute presentation.
But they did it and it was great fun. Fantastic!
So, despite the fact that the computer announced that the telescope was out of action, Charles and the BRLSI team triumphed over the bad weather in Australia. Outside in Queen Square the Spring sun was shining and inside number 16 there were lots of smiling faces.
Bright Sparks 19th to 22nd February
A series of workshops in local libraries organised in conjunction with the Institute of Physics and the University of Bath Physics Department.
It all began just after Christmas in the physics lab where Jenny and Ashley work. They let us borrow their lab to prepare some of the 'Bright Sparks' experiments.
Alex, who is a member of the Institute of Physics and a lecturer in the Physics Department,, made all the perspex boxes which contain the iron filings.
Some of the students also helped to make the experiments. Here Edouard and Ryan make an experiment to show how an electro magnet works..
After the experiments had been made it was time to write out the instructions and answers.When everything was ready, all the experiments were packed into cases and transported to each of the libraries at which the 'Bright Sparks' workshops were booked to visit.
Keynsham was the first location. The 'shaking magnets',experiment demonstrated how electricity is made. It was a really fun morning.
Using the dynamo to make electricity. This time the magnet is external to the copper coil.
Using the plasma ball to conduct electricity to light a bulb!
At Midsomer Nortion using the hand dynamo to light up a small bulb.
At Midsomer Norton one of the three teams worked hard to examine the workings of the plasma ball and made notes.
There was also a chance to find out about static electricity and charge a plastic spoon. Using the spoon it was possible to separate pepper from salt!
And of course the results had to be recorded. Then the workshop moved on into Somerset.
Thursday morning February 20th. The meeting room at Frome library where the experiments were laid out waiting for the workshop to begin.
Using the shaking torch was fun. By making a magnet move through a copper wire the torch was charged with electricity.
The plasma ball demonstrated how electricity is conducted.
So our investigations took us from dropping magnets and shaking them
to using a dynamo where a spinning copper coil below a magnet created an electric current.
It was intriguing and notes had to be written.
The see through hand held dynamo was really fascinating too. It was possible to see how the cogs moved the magnetic mechanism to make enough electricity to light a bulb;
so everybody had to get down to writing up their observations.
On Friday February 21st we went to Saltford. The library is very small. So it was quite a squeeze to fit everything and everybody in. Somehow we had 14 children and also some parents, as well as Steffan from the university and Caroline and Paul from BRLSI.
Finding out about magnetic fields by using Alex's perspex boxes, full of iron filings, was cool. The shapes that the magnets created were really interesting
The iron filings formed into 3D formations because a force field completely surrounds each magnet.
It was fun finding out about static electricity and charging a ball point pen with a weak current so that you could make a tissue paper snake dance!
It was Saturday morning at Shepton and there were no lectures at the University of Bath so Ryan, Edouard and Valentin from the Physics Department came to share their knowledge.
Emma drove them down. Pip led the workshop.
Everyone collected their clipboards and got ready to make observations
The attractive royal family was fun and interesting. All the observations had to be recorded!
We dropped magnets and Emma encouraged us to find out about electrons and resistance.
We discovered how many uses magnets have and ...
that magnets come in an infinite variety of strengths.
Then we puzzled over how magnets in dynamos make electricity.
Finally we used wires and a battery to make a current give energy to a light bulb.
At Wells Emma took charge of the workshop and Jack from The University of Bath joined us all.
He explained that the earth is an enormous magnet and
that magnets have a noth pole and a south pole too!
Finally we prepared to give a short presentation to explain to everyone else what we had learned from our favourite experiment. It had been serious fun and we were very grateful to the Institute of Physics, The University of Bath and the Bath Royal Literary and Scientific Institution for organising and paying for the workshops.
from the BRLSI Collection with Brian Godwin
Matt Williams, the BRLSI Curator and Brian Godwin, the BRLSI weapons expert selected some amazing items from the collection.
Brian started by showing us some of the items of armour.
There was a helmet which aimed at being very frightening and a shield which was also a weapon!
We made notes to help us remember what we were finding out.
The chain mail, which is being restored, was made in the 18th century and came from Persia (modern day Iran).
There was an axe in the shape of an antelope.
We read the writing on a French cavalry sword. It was made in 1810 and could have been used at the battle of Waterloo.
Brian explained the difference between various types of sword.
We talked about the weapons in our teams.
After finding out about swords, we learned about various guns, match locks, flint locks, revolvers and a small pocket gun which was also a knife. This curious weapon was carried around the dark streets of Bath at night for protection.
Some of the weapons were amazing and horrible at the same time. It was a very interesting morning. There was a lot to think about. Brian was really helpful.
February 8th Crazy Chemistry with Dr. Dave
Doctor Dave had devised 5 experiments and was on hand to supervise the proceedings and help explain, with the help of 15 volunteers.
It was a really fun afternoon for everybody, children and volunteers
Putting on lab coats and rubber gloves was more difficult than it sounds!
And making models of some of the molecules we were investigating required quite a bit of effort
It was really fascinating working out which combination of atoms made up the diffierent molecules
Like everyone, Steph who is an engineer, never ceases to be amazed at all the combinations. This is real science, but is it particle physics or is it chemistry? Does it matter? Not really, because it is so interesting.
I don't think this is quite right, but it is pretty.
Getting it right was really satisfying too!
One of the problems was that BRLSI is carpeted and some of the experiments were a little bit messy, so Vicky and Dr Dave had to put protective covers over part of the floor. However, everyone was really, really careful and there were no problems with marking the floor. There was a huge sigh of relief at the end of the afternoon!
Top of the list for fun was transforming liquid PVA into putty. The warmer you made it, the more it bounced!
Making it wasn't easy, you had to measure all the ingredients very carefully.
There was a great feeling of achievement when you got it right.
You could make all sorts of shapes and colours
Investigating its properties was really intriguing and interesting.
Dom was in charge of the acid experiement using the red cabbage indicator
There were instructions.
We needed a lot of 'stuff'' for this experiment
and even more concentration and care
Vicky showed us how to transform milk
Making circles of colours was engrossing
and quite amazing.
Coloured marker pen chromatography was really unbelievable
Watching the colours appear was riveting. Cool!
Then, at the end of the workshop we explained to everybody else what our favourite experiment was
and how we did it.
We had to work hard, but it was great fun. Thank you Dr Dave!
January 11th An Afternoon with Professor Julian Vincent
The Science of Biomimetics
Julian who is a world expert explained about fibres. Here he is showing how and why paper curls when it has been dipped in water.
We began by examining sycamore seeds and finding out how well they fly and why.
Dom helped with the experiment which helped us understand why pine cones open and close.
One of the most interesting experiments was finding out about the structure of celery.
Paper is really interesting. It is all about the arrangement of the fibres. created when paper is made.
That is why, depending on which way you hold it, it bends in a particular way after you have dipped it in water.
Julian explained that if you glue two pieces together in a special way you can make the paper curl in a specific direction.
It was really great fun. We cut up lots of paper, dipped pine cones in water to watch them close up as well as dissecting the celery.
Then we had to plan the presentation to explain what we had learned.
We prepared posters to explain some of things that Julian had explained, including 'smart' materials which have been devised at Bath University, based on discoveries made in his department.
And then we did the presentation. Professor Vincent said that some of our ideas were as good as those some of his students had come up with.
It was all very intriguing.
It was a really enjoyable afternoon
January 11th Making Molecules with the Royal Society of Chemistry
We worked in teams and shared our successes!
We had diagrams to help us make the models of the molecules. It was quite a task!
There was a little help available but most people were learning!
It was definitely a group effort.
It required skill and concentration
Dr Dave was there to explain the complexities
And there was a lot of assistance
Matching up the atoms against the structure of each molecule was fascinating and satisfying
It was really great when you completed a model
Then you moved on to making a different model
There was so much to do.
It was a fun and interesting afternoon. It was really good of the Royal Society of Chemistry and Dr Beth to supply the molecule model making kit which helped make it all happen.
Mysciencefair was also at BRLSI
Anastasia was there to help parents and children devise and fine tune the experiments they hope to display at the Bradford on Avon Music Centre on Sunday March 9th.
Mysciencefair is hoping that children of all ages will enter the competition to find the best young experimenter of the year!
December 14th Comet Ison
Although Comet Ison disappeared from view behind the Sun about a fortnight before the workshop and distintegrated on account of gravitational forces, BRLSI was not deterred!
An image of the BRLSI meteorite rotated and hovered on the wall, over the workshop, all afternoon. It is the same age as the comet and is one of the oldest objects in the solar system. Older than the earth itself. It was donated to BRLSI in the 19th Century by one of the Hoares from Stourhead. Matt Williams BRLSI curator had made a special film about it.
One of the activities was to simulate a comet's tail. Emma, Jan and Pip from the University of Bath's Physics Department under the direction of Steve Kimmins made up the 'potion'.
Comet tails are often millions of miles long. Our's wasn't that big but sometimes during the afternoon it was pretty impressive.
Grabbing hold of a comet's tail is cold, very cold.
In the absence of a solar wind in the Elwin Room some of us had to help the tail grow by blowing on it.
A comet's tail is a mixture of ice,gases,bits of tiny rock and other messy things. It is certainly cold.
Dom helped us find out the difference between a comet, asteroid, meteoroid, meteor and meterorite. We also found out more about the BRLSI meteorite which fell onto Siberia in the middle of the 18th century.
When the workshop started it was cloudy in S.E. Australia. This was a great worry. We had booked an hour on a big telescope there, so that we could see into the night sky by using a computer. Fortunately just before 2pm the sky cleared and we could see things like the crab nebula.
Charles used a digital projector so we could see the pictures on a big screen. He also showed us how we were giving the computer instructions to move so that we could see the part of the sky we had chosen.
We would like to show you a picture of what we saw but at present there is a copyright problem. Everyone hopes Charles can negotiate a solution.
It's amazing that we are able to see into the southern hemisphere night sky and to move the Faulkes telescope. We tried to work out all about the different positions of the sun and the stars during the year.
Many years ago before computers and telescopes people used an astrolabe to measure the angles and altitudes of the celestial bodies. John Mudford who makes astrolabes explained what an astrolabe is and helped us to use one.
We were able to use a replica of a medieval astrolabe which is similar to the first astrolabe that arrived in England in the early 12th century. The first place in England that an astrolabe was used was in Bath because England's first scientist, Adelard, lived in Bath and he brought it all the way back from somewhere in Iran or Iraq.
After seeing stars Jayne helped us make our own using Maths!
Using geometry, angles and origami we made lots of interersting shapes and structures.
You have to fold accurately
Sometimes we had to do calculations
other times it was fun. Some of us listened to the shapes whispering - 45 degrees, 90 degrees...
Then it was time to prepare for the team presentation
It wasn't easy describing all the things we had seen and done.
but we all did it.
It finished with the comet's tail spreading out all over the table. It was a really fun afternoon.
Under the four seasons and the meteorite, we found out about the universe and how unreliable comets can be!
November 9th The Royal Society of Chemistry Global Experiment
This was serious stuff.
Dr Beth and Dr Dave of the RSC were both there to help everyone find out how much vitamin c is to be found in various types of fruit and veg. Ed and Sarah of The University of Bath Spa also helped out.
It was a really serious exercise so the more helpers the better!
Ros also from the University of Bath Spa helped out too.
Sometimes it was very intriguing,
sometimes it was serious in a fun sort of way.
Everyone had to be very careful when preparing for each experiment,
and working it out required quite a lot of concentration.
Ed was a great help and there was a lot to learn.
Mashing the food up was quite hard work. Some people liked that bit of the experiment others didn't.
Then came the difficult bit, measuring out accurate quantities.
What was needed was great concentration and a steady hand.
and 'eureka!', a successful, serious fun afternoon.
November 9th Helping the Birds to Prepare for Winter
with Dr Roger Moses of The Hawk and Owl Trust
Roger brought some bird nesting box kits and told us all about bird nests especially local sites.
Then everyone started to assemble the nesting boxes
It wasn't straightforward. Amy a student from Norland College helped out
as did Stephanie from the University of Bath Engineering Department.
There were different tools to use, but best of all were the electric screwdrivers.
Some needed a bit of help because they were quite heavy.
The workshop was not just about making the nesting boxes. There were activities about various aspects of bird life.
Amy from Norland College explained that these nesting boxes were designed to be used by very small birds like blue tits.
Once the boxes had been assembled, they had to be varnished.
This had to be done with great care to avoid getting the varnish on clothes, the furniture and the floor.
It required a great deal of concentration and hardwork.
Drying the varnish was not very interesting but it had to be done because the nesting boxes were to be installed in Victoria Park that afternoon.
Some people volunteered to carry the boxes up to the park and one dad carried the step ladder.
Once in the park a tree was chosen.
Several people helped to install the box.
Everyone went back to BRLSI to write up notes and share their experiences.
It was a really good afternoon and great fun.
During the Autumn half term there were seven physics workshops in local libraries in B&NES and Somerset. They were
organised in conjunction with the Institute of Physics and the Physics Department of The University of Bath.
7 students and 6 BRLSI volunteers ran the workshops in Frome, Bath, Shepton Mallet, Wells, Radstock and Paulton
In Wells library
Edouard, Anshu, Pip, Jan, Emma, Tom, photo by Valentin. The students from the Physics Department who ran the workshops
The tuning fork experiment at Shepton Mallet
Checking the results for the sound waves in water experiment. Pip looks on.
Different instruments produce different sound waves and different sound waves produce different notes.
Everyone listens to the vibrations. That's what sound is about and Jan helped to explain.
David explained how the oscilloscope worked at The Central Library Bath
In Frome parents enjoyed some of the experiments too
and checked some of the resources that BRLSI and the Institute of Physics produce.
Even The Press took an interest!
Emma supervised another experiment and shared in the excitment.
The Kalimba is no ordinary instrument and it certainly make a much more magical sound than a stainless steel fork.
At Paulton Marianne helped to discover what note a particular tuning fork sounded.
Team work and concentration were essential
All the observations were recorded
The experiments were great fun,
especially feeling Caroline's voice.
At Radstock everyone got down to exploring even the simplest noises. The everyday is scientifically marvellous!
It was all very satisfactory and the students made it very worthwhile.
Cooking up Cool Science October 12th
Ed and his friends from the University of Bath Spa had planned and prepared the workshop
Ed looked a bit dangerous and an old BRLSI Member who used to be the Mayor of Bath looked over his shoulder just to make sure all was in order!
Everyone looked on. They were not sure what to expect.
Mixing the potions (accuracy was very important) was very interesting.
Using liquid nitrogen to make ice cream is a really quick method of doing it.
Was it interesting, exciting or just bonkers?
No it was quite interesting and it looked fun
Success! Ice cream
The customers couldn't wait
Some had come prepared. It wasn't a bad way to learn a little bit about the Science of Food!
How to be a scientist October 12th
The workshop was about learning about 'How to be a Scientist' So everyone had to do experiments about sound. Learning about how we hear was important.
Everybody was asked to bring something to the workshop that made a noise but NOT a musical instrument. Balloons make all sorts of noises if you help them.
Using a long tube of cardboard helps you to test the vibrations sound waves create . Then you have to record the findings on an observation sheet.
It was fun listening to a friend's voice vibrating down a piece of string 12 metres away.
Claire brought her model of an ear into the workshop. The ear captures all the vibrations and that is why we hear all that noise!
It was a very busy afternoon
Whenever you do an experiment and find something out everyone (with no exceptions) has to record all they have done and seen. Some need a little bit of help!
'mysciencefair' was at the workshop to enourage children to enter their experiments for the competititon on March 9th at the Wiltshire Music Centre in Bradford on Avon. It is open to all children, not just those who attended th BRLSI workshops.
Making the tuning fork sing is easy when you use a resonating box.
Using the oscilloscope was another fun way of finding out about sound waves.
When everyone had completed 3 or 4 experiments each team explained to the rest of the workshop what they had learned.
It is really satisfying to describe what you have been doing and a really great way to finish an exciting afternoon.
Intriguing Science Saturday September 14th 1pm - 4pm
Part of Heritage Open Doors Day
A really busy day. Hundreds came to have fun
Science is fun!
The plasma ball was most popular
The Mayor and Mayoress were intrigued
Then the Mayor had a go.
There was a lot to do, like using a microscope to find out how bank note designers work hard to prevent forgery.
Do we really have to do that to isolate our DNA?
Spit into a test tube!
The Archimedes puzzle was amazing.
But working out how the balancing box worked was easy, if you thought about it carefully.
Making the astrolabe needed careful instruction.
And working out the results needed a bit of team effort.
Adelard was there with his abacus. It is really easy and very quick to make calculations once you know how to use it.
Liz who organised the day explained all about the Science Workshops. The Mayor and Mayoress were impressed with all the different activities.
'Mysciencefair' were there too. They brought projects and encouraged everyone to sign up for the young science experimenter competition which will be judged at Wilts Music Centre on March 9th 2014
Joan looked after the weird objects table. No one guessed all ten correctly.
Watching the robot move about on its own, playing a tune, was fun too.
But building the tower, now that was a challenge.
It was a very satisfying afternoon and every who came along had great fun worked very hard.
Saturday July 27th 2pm to 4:30pm
Tree gazing with Mark Cassidy in Victoria Park and the Botanical Gardens
First everybody had to learn how to use the trail.
Finding the tree was the easy bit, we thought.
In fact not all the trees were that easy to get at, but Mark was very good at explaining.
Even so it could be a little bit confusing.
Mum explained about the bark of the plane tree
Mark explained it is the giant of the park. It is the tallest.
Really interesting when you get up close.
There it is on the map.
Getting up close is what tree gazing is all about.
Jude looked even more closely
Some of the stories about trees are really interesting
While some looked up, there was a lot to see very close to the ground
This silver maple has got a fungus growing at its base.
Then Simon found a tiny frog.
Everybody wanted to see it.
We saw the fern-leaved beech. It was a magical place.
Then it came on to rain.
And the tree trails became even more useful.
Tree gazing is amazing!
Pick up a trail from BRLSI 10am to 4pm any day except Sunday. They are free.
Saturday July 13th 1pm to 4pm
Join it! A workshop to find out about soldering.
Paul and Bob oversaw the soldering of copper pipes. It was such a hot day they decided to work in the BRLSI courtyard, but in the shade!
The first stage was to cut the pipe to length.
Once the pipe was cut, both ends of the pipe had to be smoothed down until they were neat enough to accept the solder.
Every stage of the process had to be checked
Using the blow torch was the most challenging part of the workshop.
Meanwhile up in the Lonsdale Room the skill of soldering circuit boards was being explained.
Usiing a soldering iron needs care, concentration and a delicate touch.
The instructions were detailed and had to be followed carefully. Duncan also gave some insight into the physics underlying the processes.
It was great when it all went right. At the end of the afternoon everybody went home with a copper pipe that had a good soldered joint and a small working circuit they had soldered themselves. It was worth all the 'very hot' work.
Engineering the future
Richard, the workshop leader, adjusts the protoype.
The aim was to build a model wind turbine capable of producing electricity
Building the supporting structure
Checking the magnets needed to produce electricity
All hands to complete the creation of the generator
Richard oversees the final touches
Team work was essential, as was observing and learning from other people's efforts
There was so much to do. Each team member had responsibilties. It was not straight forward.
Working on the project was all engrossing, challenging and fiddly!
June 8th 'The sound of silence and the staring at the invisible.'
It all began with silence and listening very carefully.
and finding out about invisible forces such as magenetism
or seeing the tiny, tiny foundation for life. Is this really my DNA?
There it is, that's my DNA, it's so tiny!
There was so much to observe, record and explain.
Dawn Hodgson of the Bath and Camerton Archaeological Society was also on hand to show off animal teeth from recent excavations.There was a chance to develop skills in the identification of the specimens.and to find out what the animals ate.
All the observations were checked, talked about and written down.
So that's what the 'little beasties' of pond water look like.
Amazing! Dad helps to produce the invisible, mystery writing.
Making a wave.
Using the periscope.
Preparing for the presentation
The presentation, explaining how to isolate DNA from a skin cell.
It was a really fun day.
‘Converting Light into Pictures' May 25th at The Central Library.
Preparing for the workshop,
Admiring the magic ball of flashing coloured lights
Writing up the observation of the experiment about making a rainbow
Checking the observations about the Camera Obscura
Making a pin hole camera.
Amazing mirror images.
This was the second workshop at the Central Library and it was a great success. One person attending gave it 100000000000000000 out of ten! Could it really have been that much fun?
‘Converting Light into Pictures' May 23rd at The Central Library.
It was all about using light to create pictures of all sorts.
Around the walls of Bath's Central Library there were pictures of Rev. Lockey's photographs taken in the 1850's. In the gallery there were tables full of experiments and equipment which made use of light. There was a kaleidoscope.
We used light senstive 'sun print' paper to compose and then develop our own pictures
Using mirrors it was even possible to multiply money.
We used an overhead projector to draw pictures on the white library wall without leaving a mark ....
... and interrupted light to make shadow pictures
The periscope helped us to see round corners or over objects.
We had to find out how it all worked, even the bouncing ball that made coloured patterns of light and then we made notes of our observations.
At the end we told everyone what we had learned and what we had enjoyed.
It was fun!
The flowers that bloom in the Spring. "Beautiful, colourful, happy"
Saturday May 11th. 1pm
The day began with a burst of sunshine
We set out through busy traffic.
to the Botanical Gardens
Dr Liz Vincent showed us round, pointing out all the interesting features of the flowers that bloom in Spring.
Lots of significant details...
...and some distractions.,,
even the squirrel seemed to appreciate the flowers.
but the most important thing was to look very carefully at particular flowers.
and then record the observations.
Sometimes the observations were quite adventurous!
and some of us found more than flowers.
There were so many flowers to choose from....
so much to admire.
Back at BRLSI Liz helped everyone to prepare for their presentation.
Everyone shared their knowledge and experience
It was a very successful afternoon.
Explore, Share & Develop Science Technology Engineering Maths (STEM) Activities Thursday 9th May, 15.00-17.00
Katy Glazer who co-ordinates the STEM programme for Bath and Bristol joined forces with the BRLSI Children's Workshop team to provide a training session based on 30 of the 130 science experiments which have been developed since September 2012 (when the BRLSI 'serious' fun workshops began)
Over 30 STEM Ambassadors and BRLSI Volunteers from a variety of backgrounds came to the session. All of them set about using the experiments and followed a formalised criticical pro-forma which aimed to improve the BRLSI experiments.
Each ambassador worked their way through four or five of the experiments on show. Here the pin hole camera is being scrutinised.
Taking care to prepare for the air pressure experiment using a table tennis ball and a funnel.
It was also a chance to network with other ambassadors as well as undertaking the criticism of the experiments, The plasma ball, Newton's wheel and a spectroscope experiment were located in a darkened corner of the Elwin room.
It was serious but invaluable work, which will result in the experiments on show being improved. It also gave ambassadors a chance to sample a variety of experiments many had not seen before and gave inspirational ideas for all of them.
Each year STEM ambassadors voluntarily give up hours of their time to visit schools to enthuse pupils with science in all its various facets. At the end of the afternoon 17 of the participants responded to a formal evaluation and said that the afternoon met their expectations and asked for a future similar session later in the year.
Royal Institute of Philosophy (R.I.P.) 6th form seminars certificate
presentation and last session May 1st
Students from 5 different schools met as part of the Jacobsen Fellowship Teaching programme. Chris Gifford of Bristol University led the 6 sessions, which gave all the participants a slightly different slant on the subject. At the last session Don Cameron chair of the BRLSI Philosophy Group presented 11 certificates and Betty Suchar chair of the BRLSI management committee presented representatives of the schools attending with books provided by the RIP as a permanent reminder of the project and a useful addition to the various school libraries.
The 6th form Philosophy Seminars held in the Lonsdale Room were the location
for the certifcate presentations. Henry was the first to recieve a certificate.
Dr Don Cameron presents Verity with the Royal Institute of Philosophy certificate
Betty Suchar present the books donated by The Royal Institute for Philosophy
Chris Gifford who led the seminars poses a question.
Who said philosophy was not fun ...
and very interesting if not intriguing.
Come on it's quite straight forward.
Now is that a tenable proposition?
Exactly my point of view too.
April 13th Finding Bath's Champion Trees in The Botanical Gardens
We beat the rain and found The Champions. Two of the trees, a Mediterranean Box and a Torreya nucifera, which we measured have been confirmed by The Tree Register as NEW champion trees.
Bath's Botanical Gardens were established at the suggestion of BRLSI Member Alderman Murch in the mid 19th century and another BRLSI member Edward Broome donated his collection of plants to start the gardens off. So it was quite in order for the BRLSI Children's Workshop to visit the gardens to identify champion trees and collect data to send the national Tree Register. The results of the workshop will be used in the creation of another BRLSI family trail 'Finding Bath's Champion Trees' to be published in July.
Before the brave souls who reported to BRLSI on a day of rain and wind set out on the half hour walk to 'Wembley; the education centre in the gardens, the measuring equipment had to be made and tested.
Making a clinometer
Checking that it all works correctly
Explaining how it works
Practising how to use it
The park was empty because of the foul weather
Everyone was very glad to arrive at Wembley, the Botanical Gardens Education Centre, where Mark Cassidy (B&NES tree officer) explained the methods for identifying the trees and how to record the measurements. It was raining very hard!
Mark also explained the history of the Gardens.
Checking the location of that special Champion with Mark.
Oh yes. There it is, dripping wet!
Checking measurements in The Dell. It was very wet.
The Giant Redwood.
The rain didn't stop but the recording had to be done
Now was the time to use the clinometer and ignore the rain.
Checking the measurements
Recording all the details
To measure the distance the tape has to be tight.
That really tall tree in The Dell is definitely a champion.
Thank goodness! That's it. Time to head back to Wembley.
Trying to dry out!
We found several trees that are already registered. There will be several more now, after all our efforts in the rain.
We returned to BRLSI and planned the Champion Trees Trail which we all hope will be published in time for the school summer holidays. If all goes well lots of people will be able to have fun discovering Bath's Champion Trees. They won't know that we tramped round in the pouring rain to get the information!
Enquire at BRLSI reception, 16 Queen Square, for one of the family trails already available.
Don't forget to sign up for 'The Flowers that Bloom in May' with Dr Liz Vincent. May 11th 1pm to 4pm
Go to email@example.com
A night of watery mysteries at The Roman Baths March 16th
B&NES Heritage Department invited BRLSI to provide 'watery' and Roman related experiments at their science extravaganza on Saturday evening March 16th. BRLSI member Tracey Madden volunteered to do some Physics Busking and Christine Pert and Paul Thomas supervised a series of 'watery' experiments in the education room with excellent help from Harry, a third years physics undergraduate at the University of Bath.
Tracey was in a prime position below the Temple Pediment and captivated visitors with a variety of 'tricks' including the mysteries of a sundial.
Meanwhile Harry (below) kept all the visitors enthralled with his simple but extremely informative explanations
Here Harry explains how light bends in water by using the reappearing coin trick.
Some of the young visitors were so thrilled they explained what they had discovered to their friends and family. "This is what I am going to do."
Is it really going to happen?
"You see. It did work."
It was a really useful evening and BRLSI members were able to publicise the work of the BRLSI and encourage families to come along to the 2nd Saturday afternoon 'serious fun science workshops'.
Marksbury Primary School. Everyone works hard at BRLSI Science. March 11th 2013
BRLSI was invited by the school head to provide four workshops for all the pupils at the school. It was part of the Marksbury School's science fortnight. Some of the pupils had staffed a stall at Bath University Bath Taps into Science on the previous Friday. Marksbury is serious about science. BRLSI took details of Adelard and the just launched Adelard Trail. All the experiments were related to the interests and experiences of Adelard in one way or the other. The nature and substance of water was the predominant theme.
Demonstrating how and why drops of water are cohesive.
One team was fascinated by the periscope
Using mirrors they explained, to everyone else, how the equipment works
Some of the experiments were problematic but the pupils worked hard to solve them
All the results had to be recorded and then used for the teams' presentations
Some of the presentations were unusual but very effective. This demonstrated why and how light bends when it enters water.
Preparing for the presentation was treated seriously and with great care.
In all over 90 children from ages 4 to 11 took part in the workshops. From the results of their presentations and the smiles of satisfaction the day seemed to have been very successful.
Marksbury is a remarkable little school with a great thirst for knowledge!
Awesome Science, Adelard, The Mayor and a Feast on March 9th at BRLSI
Star of the show - The Food!
Jude Harris who devised the Adelard Trail and helped with the preparation of the feast invites Adelard to help himself to a plate, Norman style!
Anna Gann who oversaw the feast preparations really enjoyed researching the Norman menu with Jude
Anna explained the way in which the feast had been planned to reflect the kind of food Adelard would have eaten. The Mayor and Mayoress have supported the BRLSI Children's Science Workshops since they began in September 2012 and kindly gave the Adelard Trail an unusual, but fun, Civic Launch to this BRLSI initiative.
It was Adelard's third visit to BRLSI Science Workshops. He brought the abacus back to 12th century Bath when he returned to the city from his foreign travels.So it was really interesting to be in one of the four groups that the famous mathematician coached during the afternnoon which explored the use of abacus.
Another instrument that Adelard brought back to Bath was the Astrolabe. He had his own astrolabe with him. Children were encouraged to make their own and then find out how to use it.
Children had to use their astrolabe to measure the height of St Michael's Church
Adelard also brought back to Bath Euclid's geometry. So Amy used a modern day computer directed robot to explain the triangle.
Adelard was also very interested in Bath's 'sacred spring' and he was well aware of the importance of water, having visited the dry lands of the Middle East; so there were experiments about water during the afternoon. Here the wonder of capillary action is explained.
All the discoveries have to be recorded and then explained.
Each team made a presentation of their findings to everyone else
When the Mayor and Mayoress arrived Betty Suchar Chair of the BRLSI Management Committee welcomed them and thanked them for awarding BRLSI a Civic Launch of the Adelard Trail.
The Mayor congratulated and encouraged everyone. He came to the first science workshop in September 2012 and has supported the initiative ever since.
The Mayoress was very interested in the abacus and remembered a time when she learned how to use it at school. She hadn't forgotten. Adelard was very impressed.
Jude who devised and designed The Adelard Trail explained that because there is very little of Norman Bath which remains, all those following the trail had to use their imagination. Adelard announced that he would be leading the very first Adelard Trail himself. Finally the Mayor launched the trail and wished all those taking part a very enjoyable afternoon.
Adelard explained that the Abbey Precinct was very important to Adelard. Although he was not a monk he was a clerical scholar and lived, researched, wrote and taught in rooms very close to the Norman Abbey, which was one of the biggest churches in Europe.
We're probably standing on the site of the Bishop's Palace.
The walk ends at the Medieval Walls. Two of the first people to complete the Adelard Trail with their guide Adelard (Michael Davis, BRLSI member)
Why don't you Walk with Adelard? You can pick up a FREE trail (which was very kindly sponsored by Bath's Charter Trustees) from BRLSI reception at 16 Queen Square, between 10am. and 4pm. Monday to Saturday.
Bath Taps into Science Friday March 8th at The Founders Hall University of Bath
BRLSI members Steve Kimmins, Roger Moses, Richard Hartley and Paul Thomas set up a stall as part of Bath Taps into Science and over a period of five and a half hours it is reputed that they enteratined 1,000 school children with simple experiments dealing with aspects of light and magnetism.
Steve adjusts the telescope so that children can see Saturn (high on the sports hall wall)!
Getting your hands on science!
With a little bit of confidence anyone can do it.
Measure the time it takes for a magnet travel down tubes of different materials
You've done the experiment now you have to work out what happened and why!
It really was amazing, hundreds of children enraptured with science!
February 9th Particle Physics children's workshop in the Elwin Room with students from Norland College, University of Bath, University of Bath Spa and BRLSI Volunteers
Checking the structure of a crystal
Preparing a learning aid
Students explaining the structure of crystals using models
I think I understand
Kerrianne who led the workshop explains
The explanation can be fun
and thought provoking
Writing up the results.
In the park to understand the enormity of the subject
What if the obelisk were to be a.....
Moving a can with the static electricity from a balloon
Completing the observation sheet
Spinning straws with static!
The static electricity experiments.
Preparing for the presentation
The team presents
Explaining the findings
Photographing the interesting bits
I learned such a lot. This is the key diagram.
Silent Killers of The NightJanuary 12th 2013
Finding out all about owls and hawks,
Getting ready to dissect owls pellets
Dissecting the pellets
Drawing the feathers
Putting feathers under the microscope
Bones are really amazing!
Observing very carefully and recording the observations of bones
Hearing an explanation
Presenting the findings
The team's group report
We found out a lot about owls
The main food of barn owls is field voles.
It was a really fun day and we learned a lot.
Light with Adelard. December 8th 2012
Adelard helps keen young scientists make an astrolabe
Kerrianne from University of Bath assists with the final touches to the Astrolabe
Working on the Optics Bench
Now that's scientific magic! Conducting electricity.
Making electricity by shaking magnets.
Pointing out the electricty on the Plasma Ball
Plasma Ball Fun
Working out the sundial
How far away is the spire of St Michael's? And what on earth are those people doing in Queen Sq?
Completing the electric circle
Getting ready for team work
Portrait of the star of the show The Plasm Ball, by Abigail
Discussing the effectiveness of a pinhole camera
Science Workshop with Paulton Junior School
Studying an aspect of wind pressure
Making careful observations
Working as a team
The blowing of a small ball of paper into a bottle experiment. IT CAN'T BE DONE. WHY?
Working out the significance of Newton's Wheel.
Working out static electricity at the foot of the monster
Recording how the pencil bent and why.
Reporting on why the candle blowing experiment was inaccurate
Fun with weeds - A BRLSI Saturday Afternoon Kids' Workshop
held on October 13th
WONDERFUL WEAPONS with Brian Godwin BRLSI weapons expert
Awesome Science October 31st
A problem with cogs
Success with cogs!
Examining the pooter
Tracking the robot
Pictures of Party in a Tree on Saturday November 10th with Mark Cassidy B&NES Tree Officer.
A BRLSI KIDS' WORKSHOP
Learning to measure the height of a tree
Learning to identify the things that live in a tree
Learning to measure the girth of a tree and thus age it
During the afternoon 15 children along with parents and BRLSI volunteers, visited Victoria Park and learned lots of skills and also learned how to record all the information
It was a really sunny afternoon, so collecting the information was even more fun
Teamwork was very important
Back at BRLSI in Queen Square everyone had to analyse and discuss their results
It wasn't always easy and required concentration
The observations and results had to be checked
And everything recorded.
Including the fact that it was great fun!
always book in advance for workshops