Children's Workshops Programme 2014 - 2015
'Serious fun’ workshops for children over 8 (unless otherwise stated) every 2nd Saturday in the month
If you want to see pictures of past workshops scroll down. If you want to ask questions or post comments go to http//:www.brlsiyouthgallery.org
Autumn Science Workshops Programme
Please remember that advance booking is essential and you need to book early.
Scroll down to see details of the programme
All workshops are open to children age 8 and over (unless otherwise stated). They run on the 2nd Saturday of each month (not August) from 1pm to 4pm at a cost of £6 per entrant per workshop. NB if there is a choice of workshops on the day, children can only opt for one as they run concurrently.
Please note that once a place is booked we cannot refund fees paid in the event of non attendance.
To book, send name of child with date of birth, contact telephone number and name of workshop to: email@example.com BEFORE YOU PAY
Once your place has been confirmed you will be invited to pay on line at http://www.brlsi.org/shop/cat/128 or at BRLSI, 16 Queen Square, Bath.
Bath Young Inventor of the Year Award 2015.
Judging and award ceremony Saturday Morning July 18th at the Museum of Bath at Work.
This competition aims to find the best would-be inventors aged 18 and under who love exploring ideas and coming up with new inventions.
Although the entry date has passed if you are keen to have a go please send your name and age to
firstname.lastname@example.org and we will be pleased to send you the details and to add you to the list of entrants.
Entry is free.
BRLSI Science Workshops
Children and Young People
Autumn Programme 2016
Please remember that advance booking is essential and you need to book early.
All workshops are open to children age 8 and over (unless otherwise stated). They run on the 2nd Saturday of each month (not August) from 1pm to 4pm at a cost of £6 per entrant per workshop. If there is a choice of workshops on each day, children can only opt for one as they all run concurrently.
Please note that once a place is booked and paid for we cannot refund fees in the event of non attendance.
To book, send name of child with date of birth, contact telephone number and name of workshop to: email@example.com You will then receive confirmation that there is an available place and will be invited to pay on line at http://www.brlsi.org/shop/cat/128 or at BRLSI, 16 Queen Square, Bath.
September 12th Heritage Open Doors day.
Drop in any time after 1pm until 4pm doors close at 3:30pm. FREE.
An afternoon of ‘enlightenment’ fun science and technology activities for all the family. Children must be accompanied by an adult. View the stars, examine the 24 foot fossil cast, stare deep into the darkness of the universe, use the Faulkes telescope and much, much more.
If you want to avoid queues for the various activities send name and ages of children to firstname.lastname@example.org and then you can have ‘express’ access to the experiments of your choosing.
October 10th Our dynamic planet with Elizabeth Devon (16 places for children 9 and over only)
An afternoon of exploring the tectonic activity on our planet from volcanic eruptions, earthquakes and tsunamis to fold mountains.
November 14th, with Steve Kimmins. Come and make things fly.
Find out about ‘lift’. All sorts of experiments about flying. Try to fly a hot air balloon, set off a rocket, ride the hovercraft, make your own plane, discover how planes weighing hundreds of tons defeat gravity and take off.
A special one off Christmas Science event for all the family
December 6th The Liquid Nitrogen Show with Dr Peter Ford MBE PLEASE NOTE THAT THIS IS A MORNING EVENT. 10:30am to 12pm.
Watch the marvels of liquid nitrogen. Peter will explain and demonstrate the reasons for the effects that liquid nitrogen creates.
December 12th. An afternoon with Adelard of Bath. (20 places only)
Learn all about two of the world’s earliest computers and use them - the abacus and the astrolabe. Admire the stellarium which is going to be the memorial for Bath’s most important mathematician and scientist. Find out how the sky at night has changed since Adelard’s day with the help of the Faulkes Telescope Challenge your mind by using Roman Numerals to add up, subtract, will you ever be able to multiply!
December 12th Lotions and Potions with Anna Gann. PLEASE NOTE STARTS AT 2PM (for children over 9. 8 places only)
Anna will tell you how you can use ordinary plants, (like those you might grow in your garden and other natural ingredients) to make toiletry products such as lips balms and glosses. And while you are making them you will be creating exotic and sophisticated Chistmas presents!
BRLSI Young Researchers Programme for young people aged thirteen and over
£6 per session. Participants will be expected to attend on the 2nd Saturday of each month from November to June
The 8 month project aims to:
- Enable 13+ young people to learn from and with PhD and post doctoral students what it is like to be a researcher by completing a meaningful research project .
- Develop an ability to enquire in a disciplined and creative scientific manner.
- Improve skills in observation
- Improve skills in presentation
The programme will result in the publication of a ‘research’ paper and a ‘research presentation conference’.
Bath University supervisors will meet up with young researchers on the 2nd Saturday afternoon of every month at BRLSI 16 Queen Square.
October 17th University of Bath FREE
The 2014 -2015 Young researchers in the company of their mentors will present their findings, launch the publication of their research paper. There will also be a chance for young people interested in joining the 2015 – 2016 programme to find out more and meet some of the BRLSI and University Staff who will be responsible for the operation of the programme.
November 14th Induction and choice of projects
December 12th Reviewing Research Techniques
If you have noticed a mistake anywhere in the text of this web page please tell us at email@example.com
Reports and pictures from previous workshops:-
Rainbows and Colours. June 17th at The Gateway Centre.
with Steve Kimmins.
This workshop was all about colours. Creating them. Changing them. Manipulating them and....
...identifying them using a spectroscope. This was
a special spectroscope a BRLSI member had brought
back from the NASA museum in the USA. It was really
cool looking at a faint light and seeing the rainbow
like spectrum that it created.
We created our own rainbows on the wall.
But what was special was bending light
and creating different colours by using
prisms. Some prisms were made of glass.
Some were made out of perspex and then filled with water. We even
used a mirror in water to deflect the light.
We used all sorts of equipment to find coloured light. The
plasma globe was really fascinating.
And a laser pointer changed the colour
of a pink sock!
It was all fun but most intriguing was identfying
the different gases in the different light bulbs
by looking carefully at the spectrum. Each gas
has it own! Now that is a interesting skill.
But getting Steve to show us how to make our own rainbow that was
the best fun. It was a great afternoon.
Rainbows and Colours. June 16th at Southside Centre.
with Steve Kimmins.
We made rainbows.
We used different equipment.
Steve explained how the various prisms and lenses
And we also used a DVD. You can see different rainbows reflected
across the surface when you shine the light from a reading lamp.
Danielle showed us how to use overlays on an overhead
projector to mix colours. It was amazing how the colours
changed when you added a different coloured overlay.
We also found out about Newton's wheel.That
was weird. When you spin a circle of card made
up of all the colours of the rainbow very fast, the
card turns white. Isaac Newton a famous scientist
invented it to show that light is white but it can
be divided up into all the various colours of the
When we puzzled out the facts about the spectrum and
mixing colours and dividing them up, we made notes
to help us remember.
Danielle brought her 'google' virtual binoculars which enabled
us to see views in 3D from all round the world, like underneath
the Eiffel tower and then using her iphone, she just
flipped it and there we were on the surface of Mars! Phew!
Steve showed us another light trick. Just
by filling a glass with water you can change
the direction of arrows drawn on a piece of
cardboard. It was that kind of afternoon.
Something we take for granted, light, is
a marvel of science.
Rainbows and Colours. June 13th
with Steve Kimmins.
Steve on the right, who had devised the workshop, welcomed Bob
Fosbury of the Hubble telescope to the workshop. Bob is an
astrophysicist who has spent 30 years looking into space and
uses spectroscopes all the time.
He had brought his own pocket spectroscope with him and was really
pleased to see us making our own spectroscopes.
We bent light rays through water.
We used light to mix colours.
We found out about Newton's wheel.
Then we wrote up our findings.
At the end of the afternoon we presented our favourite experiments
and explained what what we had found out.
Colours are simply amazing and all this from
white light. It was a great afternoon and we
were pleased to be able to take the spectroscopes
we had made home.
BRLSI Young Researchers: Writing up the Research Paper June 13th
This was the crunch meeting but before we started in
earnest we reminded ourselves of some of the skills
we had acquired during the programme. Observation
and accurate description are essential to research. We
revisited an observation exercise and tested ourselves
against the results we had recorded 6 months previously.
One of our members had brought in a surprise.
It was a wasp's nest. That tested our skills too.
Then we began to collect our thoughts and ideas.
Some of us were more relaxed about this...
It was a time for for serious thinking. We have to complete our
report writing by the end of June. It will be on sale in October.
Can Chemistry be Green? June 13th
With Helena and her colleagues from the University of Bath.
Helena and all her colleagues are working hard to
finish their PhDs but they gave up their Saturday afternoon
so we could all have fun with Chemistry.
There are so many things that chemistry can help us with
that do not damage the planet.
For instance you can make pastic from ordinary items
like corn and sugar instead of fossil fuels.
It is possible to make cars that can run on a gas called hydrogen.
If you know how, you can convert fruit into batteries to light up a LED
or set off a buzzer,
or power a rocket with ethanol.
We made masses of stuff that we could take home. We stored it on
our team tables while we worked hard at our next activity.
It was a fantastic workshop. We enjoyed it so much we gave all the volunteer
helpers a rousing three cheers to thank them.
'Make it fly' at The Gateway Centre May 20th
This was a great afternoon. We learned that there are many different ways of making things fly.
Steve had made various experiments to demonstrate the principles of flying.
We used his hovercraft.
We also fired a rocket, made a hot air balloon fly and did lots of different
experiments to find out the principles of flight.
We heated up the air in the hot air balloon
by using a toaster!
Once the balloon filled up with hot air it flew up to the
ceiling, it was difficult to control.
We found out that you can balance a smooth surfaced
ball in a stream of air.
Then we tried to blow a postcard over. You can't because of the weight
of atmospheric pressure from above.
It was quite difficult trying to use differential pressure to make
a coin drop into a glass.
And it is impossible to blow a small ball of paper into a bottle.
But if you direct a stream of air across the top of a sheet
of paper it rises. That's what gives an aeroplane lift off.
Then we fired a rocket!
And we found out more about how hovercraft works. If you direct a
strong stream of air underneath a board, it lifts heavy weights and can
It was a really fun afternoon.
'Body Bits and Pieces' at Southside Centre May 19th
This workshop was all about finding out how marvellously
clever our bodies are. For instance we need two eyes to
And our bodies contain zillions of electrons, which explains why most of
us crackle with static electricity.
Pauline and Danielle checked the ipads we used.
Helena and Hannah helped us make models of body cells.
Here we used plasticine to make red boodcells and also a
Then we used pipe cleaners to make a
brain cell. It was quite complicated. But
then that is what you would expect.
It was a really fascinating afternoon. We certainly
used our brain cells.
BRLSI Young Researchers complete their programme and present their findings May 9th
As members of the BRLSI Young Researchers team we
met up and made a presentation of our findings at the end of our 6 month
programme in front of a small audience of friends and families.
The project isn't finished. We still have to write the research paper which
Marie and Paul will edit. When that is published we will have a full presentation
and launch of the publication at the University in early Autumn.
The two Pauls and Marie started the conference off with very short keynote
Then the PhD students gave a three minute description of their part in
the project; followed by a 5 minute question time. This is Ammar
giving his short talk.
We met up for half an hour before the conference to chat
with our PhD supervisors. We finalised what we were
going to say about our research. We also had three minutes
to explain followed by 5 minutes of questions.
We gave our presentations during the second half of
the conference. We had all designed 'academic' posters
explaining and summarising our research and we
displayed these using the digital projector.
We also had the chance to explain things during the conference interval.
And everybody had a chance to have a drink.
It was fun showing our supervisors our finished work. But we were
stressed about having to give our presentations after the interval.
Some of us had worked in small teams. So we presented together,
Gianluca not only gave his own presentation...
... but he had to present for his Young Researcher collaborator
who sadly had to miss the presentation because he was
taking part in the Ten Tors Expedition on Dartmoor.
We were all very pleased (and relieved) when it was over. It isn't finished
yet. We have more to do and we are planning to meet again in June
when we will plan what we are going to write for our research paper.
Stupendous Stones and Raucous Rocks May 9th
With Eddie Bailey of Aggregate Industries and Adrian Wilkinson of Quarry Design Ltd.
We found out that we walk on them, we live inside them, we even eat them.
We weighed up a lot of different specimens. This is galena. It is
amazing that you can work out the density of metal minerals by
weighing them and using water jugs to find out their volume. It was
great fun to weigh a mystery parcel wrapped in silver foil and we
were pleased that we found out it was a huge specimen of pyrite (Fool's Gold).
Eddie and William helped us work it out.
Amy helped us use different types of sand to build castles and
demonstrate how landslides occur and how they can be prevented.
We measured the angle at which a sand castle collapses. Then we
used a computer program to see if our slope design worked.
We compared rocks of different roughness and strength to work out
which would be best for particular roads. It was a challenge. If we put
the rocks in the right order of skid resistance, we could get the key to
unlock a trunk full of secret prizes ( bags of pyrite)..
We had to be careful when we used water to help us to calculate
the volume of the metal ores.
When we had sieved sand we told Amy what we thought was the
best angle for the slope in the railway cutting.
There were some really tiny specimens that
we had to examine very carefully and this
really big specimen of calcite.
Then William helped use understand how the density of a metal ore
affects the cost of transporting it from the mine to the factory.
The strength of rocks is very important in making concrete,
so we had to choose some chipping samples to analyse, using an
Aggregate Impact Testing machine.
Then we matched shiny minerals and crystals to their every day
use. Fluorspar in toothpaste, calcite in cream cleaner, copper
in electrical wires, haematite in cutlery, sulphur in striking matches,
sphalerite in batteries and coins, galena in lead crystal and many more
Hmmm, what to score the event!
It really was serious fun. We learned lots and had lots
to think about. It was a stupendous afternoon looking at
and handling some awesome rocks and understanding
how they are used in all our lives
Building a Radio with Steve and members of the Radio Society of Great Britain
Steve planned, arranged and ordered all the parts we needed to make
our own radio. He looked after the workshops with his three colleagues
and volunteers from BRLSI.
The Radio Society of Great Britain had very generously given BRLSI a
grant to cover the cost of the parts we needed. It was a really great day,
with lots of equipment, parts to assemble and lots of expertise on hand
to give advice.
And of course there were the detailed instructions we had to follow.
We provided patience, concentration and determination.
It was not straightforward. You had to work out exactly where
every compenent had to go.
Then you had to place it precisely in the correct place.
Finally, very carefully and with a steady hand you had to weld it in place.
We had to check that we had completed each task accurately
Then it was back to assembling the items again.
We had three key stages to complete and at the end of each stage
our hard work was examined.
Finally Steve tested the radio and we got to transmit.
And better still we took our radio home with us.
Sunny April 22nd in Snowhill
The Body and ipads
It was a really fun afternoon.
John from the BRLSI had brought six mini ipads.
Six of us got to use them straight away.
The rest of us had fun finding out things about
the body. First you had to read the instructions.
Some of the activities were about how the brain works.
If you roll up a piece of paper and stare down it
and then put your other hand up at the side, it
looks as if there is a hole in your hand. The brain
has been tricked and has misinterpreted the signals
sent to it by your eyes. Amazing!
We found out about blood. We even made model red
Then we used our body to make different noises.
Compare the sound of tapping on your forehead
with the noise you make when you fill your mouth
with air and then pop your cheeks.
We practised hand eye co-ordination
and learned to observe carefully and describe what we saw.
We learned how the heat and perspiration on
our hands can have an effect on substances.
This is the fortune teller fish!
Some of us made drawings and wrote about what we
At the end of the workshop we found out about digestion
by eating a marshmallow. Now that was a good idea.
But a lot of us thought the most interesting thing
was to learn about how to use the ipads.
So the fun workshop was over and they locked us out while they
tidied up. At least it was sunny so we could ride our scooters or
play football. It had been a really great afternoon.
Electricity, magnetism and ipads at the Southside Centre
Pauline brought the equipment in on a very sunny day.
John brought six ipads.
We found out about magnets and magnetic fields.
It is amazing that the earth is a huge magnet and that
a compass moves around until it points to the magnetic north.
We had fun using magnets to move characters
in a story about a little 'royal' family.
There were a lot of activities that showed us how electrcity is made by using
magnets, copper and movement. This we could see in the plasma globe.
We all had a go. It was fun and really interesting.
Sustainable Chemistry April 11th
Emma who is researching a chemistry PhD organised
and ran the workshop.
She has recently won the South West Regional of Famelab
(a bit like X Factor for Scientists) and she has the National
final coming up in late April. She brought her friends
from the University of Bath to BRLSI to help her.
It was a very busy workshop.
We learned that it is possible to make plastic from ordinary items
like corn and sugar, instead of fossil fuels.
We found out that in the future we might be able to make cars run on
a gas called hydrogen, which only makes water when we burn it!
And did you know you could make a battery out of fruit and light up
a LED or sound a buzzer.
There are so many things that chemistry can be used for which don't
damage the planet.
We learned about some of them and made notes. Maybe we should
go on to university to do some research to find out more!
How do the flowers grow? Victoria Park Greenhouse.
Matt, the gardener showed us the greenhouses.
We saw some seedlings and then Matt pointed to a tree
growing outside in the park not far from the greenhouse.
It was nearly 80 feet tall. 'That's one I grew earlier,'
he said with a smile.
We had a chance to water some of the plants.
Matt told us all about seeds and he showed us how
to make mini greenhouses and plant seeds in them.
He told us to take them home. The seeds
should germinate in a fortnight or so.
Matt showed us how to take cuttings and plant them in
We were able to take a pot of 5 cuttings home with us.
It was amazing.
Milky Way Galaxy Zoo. April 11th
Charles told everyone he had arranged two time slots on the Faulkes telescopes.
Half an hour on the telescope in Hawaii and half an hour on the telescope
Sadly the telescopes let us down. It was cloudy and we couldn't get the live pictures we wanted. Charles was not pleased.
But he, William and Edouard were able to give us loads of information and images that Charles had saved from previous
viewings. So...it was still very interesting and fun!
Young Researchers prepare to present their findings. April 11th.
The young researchers reported back on what they had completed over the
Marie had a chat with each young researcher.
Each supervisor checked the results and progress.
Everyone had something interesting to report
The plan is to complete the work by the end of April and then to
present the findings in a series of posters, a research paper and also
a conference at BRLSI and maybe another one at the University of Bath.
Magnets, Electricity and iPads at Foxhill April 1st
The workshop was held in the Curo Community Room.
We were able to use the brand new ipads which Curo
had helped BRLSI to purchase. They were really interesting.
We used them as a tool to create a short illustrated
Then we projected the stories on to a big screen. It was really cool.
There was also a chance to find out about magnets.
Dropping magnets down a copper tube demonstrated
the energy created.
It was amazing making electricity. All you had to
do was turn the handle of a dynamo. By doing
that you moved copper inside a magnet. That
made the electricty! We never knew that
before. Now we do. It was a great afternoon.
Ipads, magnets and electricty. Lots of bright sparks!
Bath Taps into Science Victoria Park March 21st 2015
It all began with Young Researchers setting up their stand. There were so
many volunteers from the university crowded into the marquee that they
had to go outside and use a park bench.
Liz a BRLSI member set up the BRLSI book and publications stall.
Peter another BRLSI member tested his activity. He was outside too
because there wasn't enough space for all the BRLSI activities
in the marquee.
Other BRLSI student volunteers were outside in the
park doing physics busking. Some of their customers
were very small.
Inside we had a go at the spectroscope.
We looked at Newton's Wheel.
The physic buskers were still tempting us to do things outside, although
it was quite cold.
The Young Researchers were on their stand explaining their programme
Ed from the University Public Engagement Department, who helped BRLSI
set it up, was really pleased to hear about the work the Young Researchers
have done with their supervising PhD students.
Lots of members of the public listened
to the presentations. They thought it
was a great idea.
Meanwhile some of us were amazed by the plasma ball.
The adult visitors joined in the fun too. Over 1,100 came!
Finally we emerged from all the excitment. Our heads were buzzing
with all the amazing science. It was a fabulous day.
Bath Taps into Science at University of Bath Friday March 20th
It was the day of the partial eclipse. BRLSI volunteers were setting up for Bath Taps
into Science when it began. It was quite cloudy so we didn't see an awful lot
Then the clouds cleared and BRLSI member Professor Julian Vincent got
some really good shots. We were really pleased to see the nearly 90%
Back inside Steve, Bob and Paul put the fun activities stand up.
Bob helped Steve get the hot air balloon ready.
Then we rushed in. It was an amazing event. There was so much to do.
Many things were fun. Some were very interesting. Some were puzzling.
Everything was there waiting for us to have a go at.
We had to concentrate very hard when we
used the spectroscope.
We found out about how magnets work and help create
electricity. We used various pieces of equipment including
two types of dynamo.
It was interesting seeing Emma and Jan on a university stand.
Normally they help us at the BRLSI workshops in Queen Square.
It was great fun making the hot air balloon fly
right to the top of the sports hall roof and then
watch, as it air inside it cooled down and it slowly floated
Laura showed us what happens when you shake magnets inside
a coil of copper wire.
There were always queues to use the plasma globe.
We used the telescope to see the planet Mars. Well not really Mars. It was a picture
which was fixed high up on the Sports Hall Wall. You could hardly see it with your
naked eye, but through the telescope it looked enormous.
The whole event was very enjoyable and hundreds of us were really impressed
with all the fun scientific activities. So we then had a debate, which was
the most impressive: Bath Taps into Science or the eclipse. Both! They
were different in their own way and they were both absolutely fantsastic.
The Gateway Centre - Magnets and Electricity Wednesday March 18th
We started the afternoon by using magnets to find out about magnetic fields.
We found out about the magnetic poles and compasses.
After we had found out that copper and magnets combine to make
electricity, we used wires and bulbs to make an electric circuit.
We felt proud when the bulb lit up to prove that we had
wired the circuit correctly.
We had such fun making use of the plasma globe. We completed
a circuit ourselves using our fingers and we were able to light
up a low energy light bulb. It was a really interesting workshop.
Southside Hub All about Sound Tuesday March 17th
We spent the afternoon finding out about sound waves.
We used this slinky as a model of a sound wave.
We banged a drum, very loudly.
We made other sound vibrations using paper and a comb.
Then we compared the length of small metal plates and noticed
the different sounds they made. Glockenspiels are really
We noticed the same kind of thing on the kalimba.
It makes such pretty sounds.
Of course you can vibrate the air in a recorder.
There are so many different types of sound. Striking
bronze plates together makes a long lasting gently
It was a really fun afternoon. Plucking, shaking, blowing
and finding out where noise comes from and controlling
it so that it went to all sorts of pretty places.
Brainwave. Saturday March 14th
A team of undergraduate and postgraduate students from the University
of Bath, Pharmacy and Pharmacology Department visited us and showed
us how the brain works.
We even made a brain of our own
and found out how the brain responds to external stimuli!
We had to make a brain cell.
The type of cell we made is called a neuron. Each neuron is made up
of different parts which do different things. Dendrite, myelin, axon and
synaptic terminal. The model we made was quite complicated.
We also found out how fast the braIn can process information. We
used a computer to help us with some of the calculations and tasks.
The brain is made up of different parts. Each section has a different
function. We copied these shapes onto our balloon brains.
There were four different activities which explained different aspects
of the brain.
We had to follow instructions. That tested our brains!
And we had to work things out carefully which demonstrated our
brainpower and the effectiveness of the brainwaves!
Then right at the end of the workshop we demonstrated the path of a
brainwave by passing brain messages (balls of cotton wool) around a
complicated network (our grasping hands).
Phew! We managed it. It was a really great afternoon.
Somebody gave the workshop 1,000,000 out of 10.
Now that was a brainwave.
'What's all the noise about?' - An exploration into the world of sound. Saturday March 14th
This was fun. We listened to the vibrations.
We created a noise and watched the noises creating
waves on oscilloscopes.
We created models of sound waves using a slinky.
We used a flexible, corrugated hose to make muscal sounds
by twirling it around in the air. The faster we twirled the
different the note.
Robert came and demonstrated how it is possible to control sound waves
to make music using an instrument.
We looked inside to see how the mechanism moved
and created all the marvellous music Robert played
Then we made special vibrations which created almost silent
notes by striking a tuning fork very hard.
We watched the tuning fork vibrate in different bowls of water.
The tuning fork made very violent, concentric sound waves which fizzed
across the surface.
We listened to diffierent instruments. We found out how they channeled
the sounds waves into notes.
A tube with tape at the end causes vibrations.
All you need to make an instrument is any kind or shape of
box, a hole and something to vibrate. The kalimba makes
a very pretty noise. It does this by having a resonating box,
a hole and vibrating metal keys.
At the end of the workshop we explained what we had learned.
Duncan who ran the workshop helped us. Some of us thought we knew
a lot about noise but we were wrong. There is so much to learn about sound
and it is all great fun!
BRLSI Young Researchers March 14th
The Young Researchers meet every month. The project
is due to finish in May
At each session the Young Researchers meet up with their supervisors.
They report back to the rest of the group regarding what they have
achieved in the previous month. They work either in small teams or singly.
If they are making something they demonstrate it.
As with all research, things don't always go to plan.
Dr Paul Shepherd of the University of Bath who leads the programme in
conjunction with Dr Marie Huxtable, helps with guidance and suggestions.
After receiving feedback, notes have to be made regarding the comments
At the end of the programme all the researchers will have to present
their findings. One of the methods that will be used will be the production
of informative posters.
Towards the end of the session the researchers plan their programme
for the coming month.
There was also a meeting to plan the BRLSI Young Researchers stand
at 'Bath Taps into Science' in Victoria Park.
'mysciencefair' at Wiltshire Music Centre, Bradford on Avon Sunday March 8th
This was BRLSI's second visit to 'myscience' fair.
Some of us went to the Music Centre in March 2014.
The whole event was organised by BRLSI member and volunteer Deborah Clements.
217 children and 211 adults visited. The BRLSI Workshops team was represented by
10 students from the University of Bath Physics Department.
The stars of the show were the experiments
devised by us, local children.
There were scores of them!
BRLSI member and volunteer Steve Kimmins helped with the judging.
BRLSI and the Institute of Physics had a joint stall.
There was fun for all the family because BRLSI Workshops
had taken lots of its own experiments.
One very popular experiment was the hot air balloon.
We had to make it fly. Dom nearly lost his head!
It was very busy. Everybody came, parents, grandparents, aunts,
uncles, cousins and everybody was allowed to have a go.
BBC Radio Wiltshire was there too. They interviewed Duncan for live
radio. He talked about how cool it is to be a research scientist and all
about sound, which was one of the series of experiments he was
helping to show us.
We found out what a sound wave looks like.
And discovered how to capture the vibrations in a cup!
Some of us had to solve difficult problems about the pitch and
the sound of such things as tuning forks and measure what note
It wasn't just about vibrations in the air and sound. We found out about
light rays and reflections.
It was really good that sister and brother could work side by side.
It was really fun learning all about electrons, electricity and using the
We learned about magnets and their contribution
to the generation of electricity.
We were there all day, so we had to have a lunch break.
Then it was back to work (and fun) finding out
about magnetic fields.
Later in the afternoon our the ballon had its 43rd and last flight.
It went high up to the top of the building. Then we all
went into the theatre to find out who had won 'mysciencefair' 2015
and all of us got certificates and prizes.
After all that, although we had taken our own experiments and the
afternoon was over, we had to rush back and just have
a final experiment with the BRLSI equipment. What a day!
Exciting, hard work, great enjoyment and it was very satisfying.
Giving Science a Go at Curo Offices Foxhill. Wednesday March 4th
This was our very first workshop. We began by puzzling out the computer.
Then we made a cartoon character do somersaults.
After that we found out about sound. We made a weird noise
using the sound tube.
We made sound waves using our voice.
And we felt the vibrations.
We moved on to find out about electricty and electrons. We felt the electrons.
And we let the electrons travel through our bodies and into an electric light
bulb. It was an interesting afternoon and a great introduction to Science.
It was really cool start to our monthly workshops.
What's All The Noise About at The Gateway Centre February 18th
The workshop was all about sound. You can actually feel sound waves.
All you need is a carboard tube and a bit of parcel tape. Then prepare
for your fingers to be tickled.
We banged a big Irish drum -that made big waves of sound
We made some very pretty sounds using the Kalimba
And we also listened to vibrations inside a paper cup.
Some of us got down to earth to listen to vibrations in the piping.
Then we demonstrated our skills and made glasses full of water
sing to us!
Of course we could demonstrate beautiful sounds
The sound pipe made weird sounds if you swung it
It was all very intriguing. We had to work it out. How do these sound waves make
different noises? And how can we control them?
We all had a go at working it out.
Then we all sat down and listened very carefully to the sound of silence!
Now that was fun, funny and seriously interesting. It was a fascinating
BRLSI Young Researchers. February 14th 2015
We are a group of BRLSI Young Researchers and every month we meet up
with Dr Paul Shepherd of the University of Bath and Dr Marie Huxtable of
the University of Cumbria and a group of doctoral and post doctoral students
from the Architecture and Civil Engineering Department. We are doing
research into the built environment.
At the beginning of the afternoon we explain what
research we have being doing during the previous month.
Here a Young Researcher is explaining what he has found
out about the black crust that appears on the outside
surface of buildings in the centre of Bath.
We also meet in small groups with our PhD supervisors and we discuss
This is a very new project. The University of Bath has been supporting the
intitiative and Dr Helen Featherstone visited to meet us and find out what we
have been doing and how successful we feel the Young Researcher programme
Every time we meet with our supervisor we plan what we are going to
do during the next month.
The project is due to finish in May. We will have to make
a presentation to explain the results of our research.
One of the ways we will do this is by producing big posters. So we
finished the afternoon by beginning to design a big poster. It is a really
demanding but satisfying project. It was alo really good to meet Dr Helen
and find out that she is really impressed with what we have been doing.
Be a zoologist. February 14th 2015
Dr Emily ran the workshop and Dr Roger supervised the dissecting of owl pellets
Owls swallow their prey whole. Then they regurgitate
the fur, bones and claws in pellets. So that we could
find out what the barn owls had eaten we had to wet
Then we looked carefully. When we identified something
we looked again and identified what is was by consulting a chart.
Someone found a shrew's skull, several found claws and there was a
lot of fur!
We also had the chance to find out how to identify mammal skulls.
We could also see how jaws fit into the skull and how they work.
You had to look very carefully to find out which animal
skull it was.
After we had completed our investigations and written up our observations,
Georgia who is 16 and has been a young naturalist for the last 6 years, told us
how she observes, records and studies wildlife.
She writes a blog about it and she has been on Winter
Watch and CBBC. She encouraged us all to use the skills
we had learned. Maybe we will have time to do some
observations and then store them in our BRLSI Research
Then it was our turn to do a presentation and explain
what we had learned and what we had enjoyed.
Have a heart February 14th
This workshop was about finding out how the heart works.
We found out where to measure our pulse rate. We even listened to it.
We measured out how much blood is pumped through the heart
in one minute.
We had to work it out. Amazing it is 5 litres. That is a lot of liquid!
We found out about blood cells and we used modelling clay to make
models of the cells.
The heart is a very strong muscle and blood circulates through it
twice on every journey. It really makes you think.
Dr Geoff led the workshop and he helped to explain everything.
Then we had to do the explaining to everyone else.Some of us
did a mime to show how the blood flows through the atrium and ventricles.
Some of us made overlays and then used the overhead projector. It was
fascinating to find out how important and how strong the heart
is. And it was Valentine's Day too!
Launch of Bath Young Inventor of the Year by Professor Tony Miles. January 16th.
The Award Trophy designed and made by Cross Engineering
Professor Miles launched the award.
He gave an inspiring talk.
He encouraged would be young inventors as they tackled the problem
of building bridges out of paper and paper straws.
Kath Waring a Chartered Engineer who builds bridges as a job
and who is the STEM Amnbassador of the Year devised the
activities and supervised them.
Stuart Burroughs who hosted the event at Bath at Work
Museum encouraged visitors to look at one prototype
made especially for the launch.
It is a robot gardener and was created by an under 12 entrant for the Young
The challenges took place between the various very short talks.
Cllr Brett, the Deputy Mayor of Bath, is an Engineer herself. She gave a
very interesting and inspiring talk about her experiences as a young
inventor herself and her work. She encouraged all children to work at
innovation and invention. Then she talked to other visitors....
...while other people worked hard at inventing and
building their own bridges.
Ben Hoyle, seen on the left, with his works colleagues, gave a talk
about patents. He helped with an 'Invent It' workshop in summer 2014
at BRLSI. He said it was very important that all inventors protected
their inventions. His firm EIP has funded the prizes for the competition.
Then it was time to test the strength of
the bridges. One bridge held weights totalling
It was a great evening. You can see a display about The Young
Inventor Award at Bath at Work. Why don't you pop in? If you want
to enter go to firstname.lastname@example.org and leave your name, date of
birth and contact details and we will enter you.
Give it a go. Just start thinking. It is amazing what
you can can do in twenty minutes! So just think what
YOU could do.
Seeing the Light at Southside Centre January 20th.
Sam arranged the workshop on light.
The plasma ball was really interesting. Finding out about electron was cool.
Seeing light slow down in a glass of water was amaaazing!
Using a vanity mirror to reflect the light and multiply a coin was fun.
The closer you push the mirrors together the more coins appear. I got it
if you interrupt the light with your hands you can
make loads of different shapes.
If you use a 'flick' book the pictures move so fast it is
just like seeing a cartoon film.
We could use a spectroscope and find out what kind of rainbow (spectrum)
exists in different kinds of electric light bulbs. It was a really great afternoon
there were lots of things to do.
Awesome Science with Horningsham School staff, parents and children January 17th
It was an amazing morning. We learned that the everyday is scientifically
marvellous. Jaspreet showed us that no matter how hard you blow into
a funnel you cannot blow a ball out. It is held in there by air pressure!
And Duncan explained that light slows down when it hits water. If you
put a pencil in a glass of water it seems to bend. That proves it!
And if you try to blow a tiny piece of screwed up paper into a bottle
it jumps out back into your face or mouth if you get too close!
If you are clever you can use a sheet of A4 paper to
balance a glass in mid air between other glasses!
Line up coins and no matter how many you choose to flick against
the rest, the same number will shoot out the other side!
Tie two paper cups together with a very long
piece of string and you can hear sound waves
(your friend talking from way over the other
side of the room)!
Now this is really interesting. If you flick the pages of a book
which has got lots of pictures, but all slightly different, it
makes the images move! Just like a cartoon film.
Did you know that you can float a paper clip in a glass of
Try writing your name on a piece of paper on your forehead.
You'll be surprised.
It was a really fun morning. Some of us needed a cup of
coffee halfway through. It was absolutely fascinating.
Jack showed us how to make rainbows out of a CD.
We used a spectroscope...
and a kaleidoscope.
We even made a magnifying glass out of water!
And we gave a home to abandoned electrons.
After that we sampled the magic of mirrors.
We multiplied money using a mirror.
It was a bit gruesome but we looked into periscopes to see eye to eye!
Static electricty is unbelievable.
It is impossible to write if you circle your leg at the same time.
But if you know how, you can float a lump of plasticine in a bowl of water.
And that was it! It was a really great morning. Our heads were buzzing
as we rushed out into Bath to find something to feed our grey cells!
Crazy Chemistry with Dr Dave and Dr Beth January 10th
Doctor Beth explained that we had to work safely and carefully
We had to put our gloves on correctly
We mixed the chemicals carefully
When we did it carefully:
we made some gluppy putty
or watched colours react with milk,
or made molecules move.
We even learned how to make a molecule
It was very satisfying.
After we had done our experiment we had to write up the observations.
Then we had to prepare for the presentation. Some of the
benches were so messy that one team did the
work on the floor. It was a crazy, fun, fascinating afternoon!
Adelard and his bag of knowledge January 10th
Ruth explained that in Norman times physicans treated everyone in ways
that took acount of the balance of their temperaments. She had made a wheel
to explain how this balance varied acording to age.
Poor people did not have the money to pay for doctors. They used herbs
and flowers from the garden. It is likely that Adelard used flowers from Bath
Abbey gardens and taught people how to make infusions.
Ruth brought lots of ingredients for us to use.
We had to choose a recipe and read the intructions.
Then we made it.
One of the infusions we made.
Adelard would also have known how to make a poultice and infuse a dressing
to cure a wound.
The dressings smelt very sweet.
In those days people used Roman numerals. These are quite complicated
and result in very long lines of symbols. Izzi who is a mathematican
helped us find out what Roman numerals mean. Then we played a
Roman game to learn about numerals and how our present day numbers
(which were very new in Adelard's day) came about.
Adelard knew all about geometry and symmetry...
... as well as the properties of reflection.
We learned about these ideas by using mirrors and a kaleidoscope
It is amazing what results you get when you put two mirrors together and the
smaller the angle between them so the number of images grow!
Paul who helped us with reflections has designed a memorial
to Adelard. It is really awesome. He has put mirrors at various
angles in a dark box. When you look inside, it is like seeing the
Milky Way!. Adelard was an astronmer too. At the end of the workshop
we were given an Adelard Trail so we can go round the centre of Bath
and see where he played, learned, discovered and sadly finally died
sometime in the 1150s. It was nine centuries ago.
BRLSI Young Researchers Saturday January 10th
Marie and Paul discuss the progress everybody has been making over the last few weeks.
Each young researcher works closely with their supervisor.
They hope to finish their projects by May.
BRLSI Young Researchers Saturday December 13th
It was the second time that BRLSI Young Researchers had met with their supervisors
from the University of Bath, Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering.
Marie from BRLSI and Paul from the University of Bath
are cordinating the programme.
First everybody had to report back on their progress over the last month.
There are five small groups each led by a supervisor.
Paul was interested to see what the progress was.
Then there was an exercise to learn research skills. Two of the
most important skills are observation and recording.
After completing the exercise everybody's skills were tested in a group.
Watched on by Leo, Paul's 5 year old son, who is already a keen student.
I wonder what Hastings Elwin (the bust in the background) would have made
of it. He helped found the BRLSI nearly 200 years ago. In those days young
people and children were to be seen but not heard! Now BRLSI and The
University of Bath (which was founded 50 years ago) are bringing
the world of research to young scientists.
Water works for us all Saturday December 13th
Hajira brought some bottles full of water that was very, very smelly.
She told us that we had to make sure the tops of the bottles were screwed
on very tightly. Then we had to shake the botttles. After we shook them
they smelt even worse!
Hajira told us about Water Aid and how some children have to walk very
great distances every day to collect clean water. Bristol Water encourages
people to support this water charity which helps people build wells and
improve sewerage systems. We learned all sorts of things....
...then she got out the toilets.
We had to do the toilet challenge. After that we had a water quiz to find out
how much we knew about water.
We found out that water is made up of molecules which are made up of
atoms of hydrogen and oxygen.
We collected water in a pipette to examine the effect of
drops falling into a bowl of water.
We found out about surface tension by floating
a paper clip on a glass of water. Yes! You can actually do it.
We found out that you can use detergent to break up the
molecule and reduce surface tension. We actually
made matchsticks sail round the bowls on their own.
Best of all was trying to get a lump of plasticine to float. It wasn't easy,
but it can be done.
At the end of the afternoon we all gave a presentation ,,,,
to explain what we had done.
Meanwhile Hajira had to tidy up.
Milky Way Zoo Saturday December 13th
Charles Draper of the Herschel Society led this workshop. He had hoped to link up with the Faulkes telescope
on Hawaii using the BRLSI computer. Unfortunately it was cloudy on Hawaii. So it was not possible to see
live pictures. Fortunately he had saved pictures from other viewings. So we spent the time helping
to identify and classify galaxies for the Galaxy Zoo project. It was really interesting but not quite
as much fun as live pictures . Charles hopes that the next workshop in May will have fine weather.
The BRLSI Members Christmas Party Saturday December 6th
This was an activity with a difference. It ended with carol singing.........
and topping out the Christmas tree and switching on the lights.
It began with riding the hovercraft.
It was a treat for all ages.
There were delicious refreshments for everybody but only the adults were
allowed the mulled wine!
There were science tricks for everybody to have a go at.
Especially the plasma ball and finding out about electricity.
Then there was finding out about flight by making our own plane and flying it.
The most important job was using geometry and origami
to make decorations for the Christmas tree.
It wasn't straightforward.
All ages had a go....
...and then we put our creations on the tree.
There was an interval when we watched Ed, Queenie and Natalie
demonstrate how to make ice cream using liquid nitrogen!
It was really cool.
The ice cream was delicious.
For people who had brought their thinking caps there were two quizzes to
answer. They were difficult. Bob gave us all the answers!
Then we sang carols, switched on the lights...
...admired the Christmas tree and all our decorations.
And then we went home.
BRLSI 6th form Philosophy Seminars in conjunction with the Royal Institute of Philosophy
and the University of Bristol. Held on 6 Wednesday afternoons during the Autumn Term
It is the 5th year that BRLSI has run these successful seminars. They are chaired
by a doctoral student in the philsophy department at The University of Bristol.
The seminars are greatly appreciated by the students because they give an
opportunity to explore issues which the school curriculum is not able to offer.
By extending horizons in thinking it also challenges learning. But meeting at
BRLSI is also fun because it is different and offers wider opprtunities.
The Royal Society of Chemistry Experiment November 8th
The experiment made you think quite hard.
You also had to observe very closely and measure
It was all about indigestion tablets.
We had to grind the tablets up.
Then we had to mix in acid to find out the
neutralising strength of different indigestion
tablets by titration.
It was really imteresting.
Make it fly November 8th
This workshop was about flight. From making five different kinds of paper aeroplanes
which fly in very different ways
to a hot air balloon. It was all about demonstrating
why and how things fly.
Duncan showed us the designs of the different types
of paper plane.
We made the planes.
Then we test flew them. We watched carefully to
see which design flew in which way. Some went fast
and long, some glided gently. We could change the
direction and distance by changing the shape and
position of the wing flaps and the nose of the aircraft.
Of course a plane is not the only method of flight. We made an
alka seltza rocket, It shot off really hard, fast and high. It was
quite dangerous so we had to wear goggles. First we prepared
it, then stood back.
The hot air balloon was much more leisurely.
We used a source of heat. It filled the bag. Then
slowly it rose into the air.
Another way of flying is the hover craft. It felt quite weird floating over the
floor on a cushion of air.
We learned about air pressure. It was amazing.
The wing of a plane gets lighter when it faces in one
direction and heavier when it points down. If you blow
between two balloons they get closer together!
And blowing a hair dryer over slips of paper doesn't push
the paper down it sucks it up!
We learned some amazing things, like how
helicopter blades have copied sycamore seeds
We wrote up the results and finally we made a presentation and
told everyone else what we had learned.
It was a great day. Physics for some and chemistry
for the rest of us. Really cool fun.
BRLSI Young Scientist Researchers November 8th
A group of 11 teenagers met with 5 PhD students from the University
of Bath to devise a research programme.
The doctoral students from the Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering
aim to share their research with the BRLSI Young Scientists and
to involve them in topics associated with their university studies.
The project will last six months.
In May all those involved in this initiative will present their findings.
Light show at Snowhill October 28th
It was really fascinating, looking carefully to find out all about light rays by following the instructions to 15 different
Anshu showed us a dynamo. She explained that if you have copper
wire and a magnet and you spin the copper wire you produce electricity
and can light a bulb.
We learned about optical illusions. If you flick a series
of pictures fast enough you can have a cartoon show!
Mirror writing is amazing. Reflections are reverse images.
If you know how, you can use mirrors to multiply your money!
Valentin explained that if you interrupt light's journey by blocking it with
your fingers and hand you can make an amazing puppet show!
Everybody was really impressed.
Light is really fantastic and so cool! It was a great
afternoon, made even more special because they had
just changed the clocks and we went out into darkness.
Light Fantastic. October 11th
We found out lots about the everyday use of light. Simple
things that we take for granted....
..are truly amazing.
The Mayor visited the workshop and was very interested when she saw the experiments
and met some of us.
Just learning about what happens when you interrupt
rays of light was great fun.
Multiplying money so that you could see more than one
coin was really intriguing.
Emma from the Physics Department at the University of Bath ran the Light
Workshop. David introduced her and she explained to the Mayor the work the student volunteers
contribute to the BRLSI STEM programme.
We learned a great deal about reflected light using equipment
like a periscope and a torch.
We saw how it is possible to bend light rays. When light
hits water it slows down. This pencil in a glass of water
The Mayor was really interested and Edouard from The University explained.
When we had completed all the experiments we presented some of the
information we had learned to all the other teams. One of the interesting
activities was making a pinhole camera. Here is a diagram of how it works.
The whole workshop was great but being able to take home a pinhole camera
we had made was really cool.
Magical Maths October 11th
We had to use numbers to mind read. By asking people to think
about their birthday and then choose a number we could tell them
the date of their birthday!
Making the magic square, so that all the numbers added up in
the correct sequence, required a great deal of concentration.
Jayne from the University of Bath Spa who devised the
workshop came round and explained things.
She wanted us to find out why the numbers worked in the way that
We had to record all that we had found out, so that we
could go home and show our families the tricks
we had learned,
The refreshment break was well needed after so much hard work.
The Mayor had a cup of tea too. David explained how our Research Portfolios
It was a really busy workshop.
Then everybody listened to our presentations and found out what we
had learned and enjoyed.
We used a microphone so that people at the back of the Elwin
Room could hear us.
It was a really fun afternoon
Royal Society of Chemistry Lectures for 6th form students October 8th
Over 110 students and staff from local 6th forms crowded into BRLSI
to listen to a series of lectures given by academics from the Universities
of Bath and Bristol.
There were breaks during the afternoon lectures to enable participants
and lecturers to share ideas and compare notes.
The afternoon was not only enjoyable but gave students the chance to
hear about the latest advances in knowledge and also to meet other
young scientists from a variety of institutions.
Intriguing Science September 13th
It was a really fun day. One of things we had to do was
look carefully at quirky objects and guess what they were.
This was a Portuguese fisherman's hat.
The Deputy Mayor, Liz (who organised the day) and John who ran the stall
about minerals, really enjoyed it too.
There were experiments about air pressure.
We had to blow into various things and make a note
of what happened. None of the results were what you expected!
There was one stall about how magnets are used to make electricity.
It was really interesting to watch what happened when you dropped
a magnet down a series of tubes.
Marie explained how the BRLSI Research Portfolio works. It is one way to
The day was open to everybody, not just 8+ children, so some very young
engineers really enjoyed it and wasn't Mum proud.
Kath, the engineer asked us 'What does an engineer look like?'
and 'How do engineers keep safe?'.
Ben showed us how to use raspberry pi.
We tried to complete geometric puzzles that the Greeks invented two
and a half thousand years ago.
Adelard was on hand to demonstrate one of the world's earliest computers.
It is called the abacus and he brought it to Bath 900 years ago.
And we used a modern day equivalent of an astrolabe.
It was an instrument used to locate the stars and so
help with navigation. Adelard also brought that to Bath.
It was quite complicated maths, but we were able to
work out the height of a nearby church.
BRLSI is hoping to erect a memorial to Adelard in the centre of
Bath. A member brought his model for the proposed model.
It is beautiful. When you look deep into the memorial you see
reflected pin pricks of light, just like the night sky.
Digital Makers brought some basic pieces of computer
hardware and we had to wire them up.
David and Jaspreet showed us how to isolate out DNA in a test tube!
We looked very, very carefully at minerals
And we juggled balls and clubs to find out more about geometry.
Some of us made a meccano monster which wasn't the
kind of engineering structure, Bob who ran the stall, expected!
It was a really interesting and very popular day.
Summer Competition winners.
The competition was to provide any kind of exhibit about extinction. The winners brought their exhibits to BRLSI and explained them. Then they received their prizes.
Mum, Gran and the competition winners joined Rob Randall and Henry Ford of BRLSI Collections.
They are standing below the 24 foot fossil cast in the Lonsdale Room. This is plesiosaurus (a dinosaur equivalent that lived in the sea).
It was found on the coast of Yorkshire.
The two brothers looked at the extinction of the dinosaurs. This was the moment an asteroid collided with the earth.
This was a five year old's interpretation of the death of the dinosaurs.
Henry Ford chairman of the BRLSI collections presented the awards.
He explained that the reason for the competition was the commemoration of the
extinction of the passenger pigeon exactly one hundred years ago at about 12pm on September 1st 1914.
It was caused by human interference, in particular hunting and the destruction of the bird's natural habitat for farming.
Rob Randall explained that the extinction of the dinosaur was for entirely different reasons. He pointed out that there
are very few dinosaur fossils in the UK because when the creatures roamed the earth Britain was under the sea!
Saturday July 12th
Be an Engineer.
The workshop was all about feats of engineering and the ways in which engineers work.
Kathryn a Civil Engineer led the workshop. Unfortunately she had broken her ankle gardening but that did not deter her. She still came in to BRLSI to show us how to build bridges and how important cogs, levers, wheels, axles and pulleys are.
She also brought her Personal Protective Equipment in, so that we could learn about safety. Most of us tried it on. We found out all about the different colours used according to whether you work on the railway or the roads or on building sites.
Kathryn also brought in 15 photographs of some of the greatest feats in engineering, including the pyramids, several of Bath's bridges across the river Avon, The Clifton Suspension Bridge and the amazing Ferrari Building. We had to identify them. Then we had to look carefully at the pictures of different types of bridges and work out how they had been constructed.
We chose which type of bridge we planned to build.
The models were made out of paper straws.
Different teams chose different types of bridge.
When we finished making the models we had to test them for strength. Their load bearing varied according to the type of construction we chose. Considering the bridges were made of paper drinking straws some of them held quite heavy weights.
There were other things to learn too. We used lego kits to make a variety of pulleys.
It wasn't just about making models, we had to experiment with them to find out which were the most effective arrangements. Here different types of axles are being tested.
It was really interesting finding out how levers worked.
You had to think quite hard to work some of the things out.
At the end of the afternoon we explained what we had learned and what we had enjoyed most.
Each team chose their own way of presenting their findings and each presentation was different.
It was a really great afternoon.
Saturday June 14th
Buildathon with the Radio Society of Great Britain
The volunteers from RSGB arrived very early at about 8:30am to set up all the equipment.
Steve led the workshop.
Cllr Furze, who came to the very first Children's Workshop, when he was Mayor, visited. He is always very interested and he wanted to find out what was going on.
The RSGB set up a radio station. All afternoon they made contact with other broadcasters. It was 'Museums On The Air' weekend. We hoped to make contact with museums across Europe. Unfortunately the weather conditions were difficult. We did manage to contact one other country. The Scottish Maritime Museum answered our call!
The important thing was to find out how to make a radio.
It wasn't always easy.
We helped each other, as a team.
Cllr Furze had a go himself.
Kath explained the process and also described the STEM ambassador programme which is aimed at improving 'communicating science' by students and professionals working the various STEM fields of practical application and research. BRLSI Science workshops form part of this initiative.
Duncan (a University of Bath PhD student) encouraged us by explaining some of the background physics.
'TX films', an offshoot of RSGB also spent the afternoon with us. They were filming for a slot they have planned for 'YouTube' which will spread the word about BRLSI Workshops to a much wider audience.
Towards the end of the afternoon we began to queue up to check with Steve that the radios worked. We were all 'over the moon' when our radios received clar signals!
It was great fun and such a relief when we succeeded and took home a working radio. In addition we were all given a leaflet with ideas on how to use it at home. It was a fabulous afternoon. Cool on a hot day of great effort! .
Fossils and other things
The volunteers arrived early to set up. First some of them posed for a group photograph.
and then after that...
Hiitesh and Marie worked hard on the new interactive website for the BRLSI workshops which we hope to have up and running for the summer holidays. It will have competitions and activities for all of us to have a go at from the middle of July to the beginning of September.
All the other volunteers worked hard at setting up the workshop. Jude had a chat with Bob about the arrangements.
Then the workshop began. There were four different activities.
Jan and John from the Bath Geological Society explained the fossil specimens.
There was a washing line to demonstrate geological time. We had to peg up pictures of different significant moments in the development of the earth.
It was quite difficult deciding which 'event' came before another. In all there were 15 to put in order. Most of them were cramped up into the last few centimetres of the line!
There was an opportunity to find out about sedimentary rocks and how they were laid down and how the movement of the surface of the earth caused them to be folded and contorted.
Half way through we had a refreshment break.
The fourth exercise was about deposits in caves, especially stalagmites and stalactites. We had photographs of fragile specimens held in the BRLSI Collections. We had to find out how and where they were deposited and plot them on a diagrammatic map of a cave system. There were nearly a dozen different shapes located in very different places.
After we had completed all the activities we had to prepare for the presentation.
Each group made a presentation. One group used the overhead projector. We all used the microphone to make sure everybody could hear what we were saying.
It was really amazing to hold creatures that were millions and millions of years old and even better to find out about them. This was really serious fun.
BRLSI at Queen Square Festival of Nature June 7th 10am to 4pm
The day began with some visitors enjoying fossils in the Jurassic Ark at 16 Queen Square.
Across the square other vistors were meeting Adelard.
It was The Festival of Nature. Everyone was made to feel very welcome.
There were lots of tents with a variety of activities.
The BRLSI stall was in the biggest tent.
Richard was on the stall just before 10:00am when the festival began.
Roger was on his stall supervising the dissection of owl pellets. He then led a walk round the Botanical Gardens to find the nesting boxes children had made at the November workshop and installed in 11 trees dotted around the park. It was really interesting. Sadly only one nesting box had been used. We hope that next year all of them will be home to a pair of nesting birds.
Meanwhile at the BRLSI stall some of the members chatted.
And there were lots of other visitors. Bath's MP Don Foster took time not only to visit the stall but to buy a copy of the book about Adelard and to find out more about the children's workshops from somebody who knows! In all over 2,000 people visted the Festival and most of them visited our stall. At least that was what it felt like. It was a really great day out.
Invent it! May 10th
20 young would be inventors came to this building, the site of Dr Oliver's house. Dr Oliver invented the Oliver biscuit. So it was an appropriate place to start inventing all sorts of things .
Inventing a new card game.
Inventing a new shadow puppet shape.
Using a modern invention (Raspberry Pi) to devise a new website.
Ben, who showed us how to use the Raspberry Pi, is a patent attorney. He was able to explain to everyone how important it is to patent inventions to prevent them being stolen and how to do it.
Ryan encouraged everyone to learn about circuits and how to make an electro magnet.
Some people worked out how to make a rocket from string, sticky tape, a balloon and a clothes peg!
John explained how important shapes and geometry can be in designing new items.
Some clever people designed a way of sending a whisper right across a big room using string and paper cups.
Once you had made something you had to describe the design so that other people could copy your idea.
At the end of the afternoon each team explained what they had done, what they had made and how useful the ideas were.
There were quite a lot interesting ideas. It had been hard work but it was fun..
Join it! Soldering with Bob Draper May 10th
Rohan explained how to make a moisture detector by soldering an electrical circuit.
Down in the courtyard another group was learning how to prepare copper tubing for soldering. Soon they would use a blow torch to join the copper tubes.
It was a proud moment when the tubing was soldered together.
The moisture detector was more complicated. Duncan explained how it all fitted together.
But the most fun thing was using the blow torch to make the shining copper tubing.
At the end of the afternoon everyone made a presentation to explain what they had done and what they had learned.
Bright Sparks in the Wind with Jess Haywood April 12th
Jess started the workshop by explaining how electricity can be made from wind turbines.
One of the activities involved using various component parts to make a scale model of a wind turbine. Steph. explained the workings of the model.
Edouard and Lucy checked that the turbine was charging correctly.
You have to make sure that the turbine is aligned correctly.
Tanya explained how to make a wind turbine using paper cups
The turbine had to be tested.
Then all the results had to be written up.
The last activity was making a hovercraft.
To make the hovercraft we had to use a glue gun to stick the various parts together.
A bottle top, a balloon and a CD make a very effective hovercraft, using the 'wind' from an inflated balloon.
The CD hovercraft is really effective and travels quite fast across a smooth surface, although on the BRLSI carpet it was not very good on account of the friction.
After we had completed all the activities and made our models we had to explain how they worked and which activity we enjoyed most. Here the cup turbine was the preferred activity.
This was the presentation which explained how the hovercraft worked. Everyone agreed that this was a really fun activity and took their hovercraft home. Jess had organised a fantastic workshop. We now know a lot more about how wind power can be used.
Cooking Up Cool Science, with Ed Snow. April 12th
Ed, Queenie and Marie chatting about the organisation of the workshop.
Ed encouraged everyone to consider which flavours they preferred.
Lisa made sure that everyone examined the specimens very carefully.
Ed wanted everyone to examine different types of jelly.
All the observations had to be recorded.
Ed served everyone with ice cream made by using Liquid Nitrogen.
And ice cream was the star of the workshop and the centre of attention for the presentation.
Paulton Girl Guides. April 3rd. Encounters with Physics
BRLSI was invited to join two dozen or so Girl Guides to share some of the Institute of Physics experiments, like making waves of sound.
or sharing the vibrations.
It wasn't just about sound. There was also an investigation into the characteristics of light. Using Newton's wheel was intriguing.
Finding out about spectra by using a spectroscope was really interesting.
There were also experiments about magnetism and electricity. Finding out about the strength of magnets using iron filings was fun.
Making electricity by shaking a magnet inside a coil of copper wire was amazing and then seeing how..
the copper wire and magnet coupled to a battey makes the shaking torch work.
Making electricity is simple; all you need is copper, a magnet and movement. It doesn't matter whether it is the magnet or the copper wire moving. Here the dynamo moves the copper wire below a magnet. It is amazing what you learn at Guides and every evening is great fun!
Bath Taps into Science
March 21st and March 23rd at University of Bath and Green Park
More than a decade ago BRLSI members Chris Budd, Peter Ford and Bob Draper set up Bath Taps into Science and it has gone from strength to strength. This year it was another resounding success. BRLSI had a stall both at The University and Green Park
Chris Budd and Steve Kimmins set up the telescopes for the BRLSI stand.
Richard Hartley joined Steve to check the magnetism and electricity table.
Vicky and Steve checked the spectroscope experiment.
Vicky explained all about the plasma ball which was very popular.
The telescopes were a great success too.
Working out how vibrations have to be controlled by musical instruments to make music, was fun.
Bob Draper helped to set it all up. Here he is at Green Park
where Tony Symes was in charge of the Plasma Ball and the spectroscope experiment.
The cardboard cup telephone experiment kept people talking about sound waves and vibrations.
Richard used magnets to detect forged coins.
There was lots to do and it was very enlightening, Thanks to all the volunteers who worked so hard on both days to make Bath Taps such a success.
Brainwave March 22nd
It was all about the brain. A group of students from Bath University Pharmacy and Pharmacology Department had arranged a morning workshop.
They brought along a series of 'hands on' activities.
Dr Sarah Bailey led the workshop.
It was really interesting.
Reading the instructions.
Making neurons from pipe cleaners.
Then when the model was finished making notes about how they worked.
Neurons are quite complicated.
The size of brains varies according to the animal. Is this really the size of a dinosaur's brain?
An elephant's brain is really heavy.
Making a model of a human brain using a balloon required a great deal of concentration.
It was fun using the computers.to find out about how the brain identifies colours.
Testing reflexes was really cool.
Everything had to be understood and then written down.
At the end of the workshop Stephen the artist who had created an exhibtion about brains joined Sarah in asking everyone what they most liked about the workshop
It had all been so good that choosing just one activity was very difficult.
Launch of BRLSI Children's Workshops website
Hittesh from Bath University very generously gave up a lot of time to design and build the new website.
Paul Stephens a trustee and chairman of the BRLSI Programme Sub Committee accepted the website on behalf of the institution, thanked Hittesh and launched the site.
Hittesh explained how the website would work and how children will be able to post their own comments on the site.
Hittesh has offered to train all volunteers and families who are interested in using the website.
Getting Close up to Wetness.
at The Roman Baths, with the Institute of Physics. March 15th
It was twilight in the Roman Baths and we crept in to do a little bit of wet physics.
Miranda from The Institute of Physics came along to help us.
Caroline and Joan from BRLSI came in early to set the experiments up and check that they worked. They both agreed you could actually see water molecules move.
Joan helped people to see the little 'beasts' that live in pond water.
Dom supervised the challenge to make a ball of plasticine float in water!
Another challenge was to turn a full glass of water upside down without spilling any. All you need is a postcard! Edouard then explained that the trick was just a law of physics.
Watching a coin appear from nowhere in a tray of water was extremely intriguing.
And did you know that you can make a magnifying glass out of water? Dom knows.
And it was quite extraordinary that you could pour water into a funnel over an empty bottle and the water would not go down! That's physics too.
Miranda encouraged everyone to think about what water is. She also helped all the visitors to examine very closely the world famous waters of the 'hot springs' at Bath. And when she wasn't doing that...
... she explained how you can use a glass of water to bend a pencil.
It was a busy evening. Some of us got very wet. Then at 8 o'clock we had to rush away because hordes of Brownies were going to have a 'sleep over'.
Hope they didn't see the ghost of Bladud rising from the steaming waters of the bath.
BRLSI/Royal Society of Chemistry
6th form lecture March 12th
Dr. Beth Anderson (RSC) and Dr David Haywood (BRLSI) jointly hosted the event.
About 100 students from local 6th forms attended the event.
Beth welcomed one of the speakers.
And while the participants waited...
Dr Anderson chatted to some of them.
It was an interesting afternoon and got everyone talking. David Haywood was really pleased with the success of the afternoon
'mysciencefair' at Wiltshire Music Centre, Bradford on Avon. 9th March
Three physics students and three BRLSI volunteers took a stall of experiments to 'myscience fair'.
There was a long queue to get in. Over 250 people attended.
There were lots and lots of experiments to look at. They had all been devised by children who were competing to find out who was the young experimenter of the year..
While the children waited for the judges to make up their minds, they visited the BRLSI stall and other activities. Because it was held in a music centre BRLSI took some of its experiments about sound and music. This is a kalimba.
Steffan explained all about vibrations and amplifying the very quiet sound of a tuning fork by using a sound box.
It was a family event, so some dads helped too.
Ryan and Edouard also explained about electrons
Watching the flight paths of electrons across the plasma ball was cool, although if you kept your hand on the ball for too long it got quite hot.
It was a really interesting day.
We enjoyed ourselves. We really liked all of the experiments. The stall was fun too. Lots of people were interested and said that the workshops at 16 Queen Square sounded very interesting and they might come along. We said we hoped that they would and maybe share their experiments with us.
More Bright Sparks 8th March
Emma from the University of Bath Physics Department led the Bright Sparks Workshop. She was joined by colleagues, students from Norland College and BRLSI volunteers. Some of the volunteers arrived two hours before the workshop was due to start to set up the experiments. Here Emma tests the plasma ball which was very popular.
Valentin was responsible for all the static electricty experiments
Everyone joined a team and visited the various experiments. Here Jan helps his team at the wiring table.
Emma went round helping and encouraging.
It is amazing how much static electricity you can generate!
Stephanie explained how important magnets are in the production of electricity. She used see-through boxes of iron filings to show the magnetic force fields.
Vicky used a floating compass to explain that the earth is a gigantic magnet.
Pip explained that magnets have a north and south pole too!
Ryan supervised the dropping of magnets down various tubes. It was interesting to see that a magnet dropped down a copper tube takes a very long time. This observation is fundamental to understanding how electricity is generated. Lenz's law no less.
Edouard encouraged everyone to understand the link between dropping a magnet down a copper tube and the way a dynamo generates electricity.
Anshu helped to solve the challenge of lighting a bulb by using a pencil, a pair of scissors and a battery. It really did work! Now that is circuitry. Then she used the plasma ball to demonstrater how electrons can travel through our bodies and out the other side.
One of the very interesting moments was when Duncan helped everyone to construct more traditional electrical circuits using wires, batteries and bulbs.
Then it was back to the team tables. Amy encouraged her team to prepare for the presentation.
Lucy's team decided to use the overhead projector for their presentation
Carole helped with the ideas needed to explain how the plasma ball worked.
Will's team came up with some interesting facts. It really was an electric afternoon, full of Bright Sparks!
Galaxy Zoo 8th March
Charles of the Herschel Society who was leading the workshop had hoped to use the giant Faulkes telescope in S E Australia to find galaxies. Sadly it was cloudy!
It did not put off BRLSI young astronomers. Charles had saved images from previous days' observations. So it was possible to identify and classify as planned.
Needless to say the children's activities team worked hard applying the skills Charles had taught.
Working in teams, they began to prepare presentations, which they planned to deliver to all the members of BRLSI Children's Workshops. Their aim was to explain and describe what they had seen and learned.
It wasn't easy cramming two hours of learning and observation into a three minute presentation.
But they did it and it was great fun. Fantastic!
So, despite the fact that the computer announced that the telescope was out of action, Charles and the BRLSI team triumphed over the bad weather in Australia. Outside in Queen Square the Spring sun was shining and inside number 16 there were lots of smiling faces.
Bright Sparks 19th to 22nd February
A series of workshops in local libraries organised in conjunction with the Institute of Physics and the University of Bath Physics Department.
It all began just after Christmas in the physics lab where Jenny and Ashley work. They let us borrow their lab to prepare some of the 'Bright Sparks' experiments.
Alex, who is a member of the Institute of Physics and a lecturer in the Physics Department,, made all the perspex boxes which contain the iron filings.
Some of the students also helped to make the experiments. Here Edouard and Ryan make an experiment to show how an electro magnet works..
After the experiments had been made it was time to write out the instructions and answers.When everything was ready, all the experiments were packed into cases and transported to each of the libraries at which the 'Bright Sparks' workshops were booked to visit.
Keynsham was the first location. The 'shaking magnets',experiment demonstrated how electricity is made. It was a really fun morning.
Using the dynamo to make electricity. This time the magnet is external to the copper coil.
Using the plasma ball to conduct electricity to light a bulb!
At Midsomer Nortion using the hand dynamo to light up a small bulb.
At Midsomer Norton one of the three teams worked hard to examine the workings of the plasma ball and made notes.
There was also a chance to find out about static electricity and charge a plastic spoon. Using the spoon it was possible to separate pepper from salt!
And of course the results had to be recorded. Then the workshop moved on into Somerset.
Thursday morning February 20th. The meeting room at Frome library where the experiments were laid out waiting for the workshop to begin.
Using the shaking torch was fun. By making a magnet move through a copper wire the torch was charged with electricity.
The plasma ball demonstrated how electricity is conducted.
So our investigations took us from dropping magnets and shaking them
to using a dynamo where a spinning copper coil below a magnet created an electric current.
It was intriguing and notes had to be written.
The see through hand held dynamo was really fascinating too. It was possible to see how the cogs moved the magnetic mechanism to make enough electricity to light a bulb;
so everybody had to get down to writing up their observations.
On Friday February 21st we went to Saltford. The library is very small. So it was quite a squeeze to fit everything and everybody in. Somehow we had 14 children and also some parents, as well as Steffan from the university and Caroline and Paul from BRLSI.
Finding out about magnetic fields by using Alex's perspex boxes, full of iron filings, was cool. The shapes that the magnets created were really interesting
The iron filings formed into 3D formations because a force field completely surrounds each magnet.
It was fun finding out about static electricity and charging a ball point pen with a weak current so that you could make a tissue paper snake dance!
It was Saturday morning at Shepton and there were no lectures at the University of Bath so Ryan, Edouard and Valentin from the Physics Department came to share their knowledge.
Emma drove them down. Pip led the workshop.
Everyone collected their clipboards and got ready to make observations
The attractive royal family was fun and interesting. All the observations had to be recorded!
We dropped magnets and Emma encouraged us to find out about electrons and resistance.
We discovered how many uses magnets have and ...
that magnets come in an infinite variety of strengths.
Then we puzzled over how magnets in dynamos make electricity.
Finally we used wires and a battery to make a current give energy to a light bulb.
At Wells Emma took charge of the workshop and Jack from The University of Bath joined us all.
He explained that the earth is an enormous magnet and
that magnets have a noth pole and a south pole too!
Finally we prepared to give a short presentation to explain to everyone else what we had learned from our favourite experiment. It had been serious fun and we were very grateful to the Institute of Physics, The University of Bath and the Bath Royal Literary and Scientific Institution for organising and paying for the workshops.
from the BRLSI Collection with Brian Godwin
Matt Williams, the BRLSI Curator and Brian Godwin, the BRLSI weapons expert selected some amazing items from the collection.
Brian started by showing us some of the items of armour.
There was a helmet which aimed at being very frightening and a shield which was also a weapon!
We made notes to help us remember what we were finding out.
The chain mail, which is being restored, was made in the 18th century and came from Persia (modern day Iran).
There was an axe in the shape of an antelope.
We read the writing on a French cavalry sword. It was made in 1810 and could have been used at the battle of Waterloo.
Brian explained the difference between various types of sword.
We talked about the weapons in our teams.
After finding out about swords, we learned about various guns, match locks, flint locks, revolvers and a small pocket gun which was also a knife. This curious weapon was carried around the dark streets of Bath at night for protection.
Some of the weapons were amazing and horrible at the same time. It was a very interesting morning. There was a lot to think about. Brian was really helpful.
February 8th Crazy Chemistry with Dr. Dave
Doctor Dave had devised 5 experiments and was on hand to supervise the proceedings and help explain, with the help of 15 volunteers.
It was a really fun afternoon for everybody, children and volunteers
Putting on lab coats and rubber gloves was more difficult than it sounds!
And making models of some of the molecules we were investigating required quite a bit of effort
It was really fascinating working out which combination of atoms made up the diffierent molecules
Like everyone, Steph who is an engineer, never ceases to be amazed at all the combinations. This is real science, but is it particle physics or is it chemistry? Does it matter? Not really, because it is so interesting.
I don't think this is quite right, but it is pretty.
Getting it right was really satisfying too!
One of the problems was that BRLSI is carpeted and some of the experiments were a little bit messy, so Vicky and Dr Dave had to put protective covers over part of the floor. However, everyone was really, really careful and there were no problems with marking the floor. There was a huge sigh of relief at the end of the afternoon!
Top of the list for fun was transforming liquid PVA into putty. The warmer you made it, the more it bounced!
Making it wasn't easy, you had to measure all the ingredients very carefully.
There was a great feeling of achievement when you got it right.
You could make all sorts of shapes and colours
Investigating its properties was really intriguing and interesting.
Dom was in charge of the acid experiement using the red cabbage indicator
There were instructions.
We needed a lot of 'stuff'' for this experiment
and even more concentration and care
Vicky showed us how to transform milk
Making circles of colours was engrossing
and quite amazing.
Coloured marker pen chromatography was really unbelievable
Watching the colours appear was riveting. Cool!
Then, at the end of the workshop we explained to everybody else what our favourite experiment was
and how we did it.
We had to work hard, but it was great fun. Thank you Dr Dave!
January 11th An Afternoon with Professor Julian Vincent
The Science of Biomimetics
Julian who is a world expert explained about fibres. Here he is showing how and why paper curls when it has been dipped in water.
We began by examining sycamore seeds and finding out how well they fly and why.
Dom helped with the experiment which helped us understand why pine cones open and close.
One of the most interesting experiments was finding out about the structure of celery.
Paper is really interesting. It is all about the arrangement of the fibres. created when paper is made.
That is why, depending on which way you hold it, it bends in a particular way after you have dipped it in water.
Julian explained that if you glue two pieces together in a special way you can make the paper curl in a specific direction.
It was really great fun. We cut up lots of paper, dipped pine cones in water to watch them close up as well as dissecting the celery.
Then we had to plan the presentation to explain what we had learned.
We prepared posters to explain some of things that Julian had explained, including 'smart' materials which have been devised at Bath University, based on discoveries made in his department.
And then we did the presentation. Professor Vincent said that some of our ideas were as good as those some of his students had come up with.
It was all very intriguing.
It was a really enjoyable afternoon
January 11th Making Molecules with the Royal Society of Chemistry
We worked in teams and shared our successes!
We had diagrams to help us make the models of the molecules. It was quite a task!
There was a little help available but most people were learning!
It was definitely a group effort.
It required skill and concentration
Dr Dave was there to explain the complexities
And there was a lot of assistance
Matching up the atoms against the structure of each molecule was fascinating and satisfying
It was really great when you completed a model
Then you moved on to making a different model
There was so much to do.
It was a fun and interesting afternoon. It was really good of the Royal Society of Chemistry and Dr Beth to supply the molecule model making kit which helped make it all happen.
Mysciencefair was also at BRLSI
Anastasia was there to help parents and children devise and fine tune the experiments they hope to display at the Bradford on Avon Music Centre on Sunday March 9th.
Mysciencefair is hoping that children of all ages will enter the competition to find the best young experimenter of the year!
December 14th Comet Ison
Although Comet Ison disappeared from view behind the Sun about a fortnight before the workshop and distintegrated on account of gravitational forces, BRLSI was not deterred!
An image of the BRLSI meteorite rotated and hovered on the wall, over the workshop, all afternoon. It is the same age as the comet and is one of the oldest objects in the solar system. Older than the earth itself. It was donated to BRLSI in the 19th Century by one of the Hoares from Stourhead. Matt Williams BRLSI curator had made a special film about it.
One of the activities was to simulate a comet's tail. Emma, Jan and Pip from the University of Bath's Physics Department under the direction of Steve Kimmins made up the 'potion'.
Comet tails are often millions of miles long. Our's wasn't that big but sometimes during the afternoon it was pretty impressive.
Grabbing hold of a comet's tail is cold, very cold.
In the absence of a solar wind in the Elwin Room some of us had to help the tail grow by blowing on it.
A comet's tail is a mixture of ice,gases,bits of tiny rock and other messy things. It is certainly cold.
Dom helped us find out the difference between a comet, asteroid, meteoroid, meteor and meterorite. We also found out more about the BRLSI meteorite which fell onto Siberia in the middle of the 18th century.
When the workshop started it was cloudy in S.E. Australia. This was a great worry. We had booked an hour on a big telescope there, so that we could see into the night sky by using a computer. Fortunately just before 2pm the sky cleared and we could see things like the crab nebula.
Charles used a digital projector so we could see the pictures on a big screen. He also showed us how we were giving the computer instructions to move so that we could see the part of the sky we had chosen.
We would like to show you a picture of what we saw but at present there is a copyright problem. Everyone hopes Charles can negotiate a solution.
It's amazing that we are able to see into the southern hemisphere night sky and to move the Faulkes telescope. We tried to work out all about the different positions of the sun and the stars during the year.
Many years ago before computers and telescopes people used an astrolabe to measure the angles and altitudes of the celestial bodies. John Mudford who makes astrolabes explained what an astrolabe is and helped us to use one.
We were able to use a replica of a medieval astrolabe which is similar to the first astrolabe that arrived in England in the early 12th century. The first place in England that an astrolabe was used was in Bath because England's first scientist, Adelard, lived in Bath and he brought it all the way back from somewhere in Iran or Iraq.
After seeing stars Jayne helped us make our own using Maths!
Using geometry, angles and origami we made lots of interersting shapes and structures.
You have to fold accurately
Sometimes we had to do calculations
other times it was fun. Some of us listened to the shapes whispering - 45 degrees, 90 degrees...
Then it was time to prepare for the team presentation
It wasn't easy describing all the things we had seen and done.
but we all did it.
It finished with the comet's tail spreading out all over the table. It was a really fun afternoon.
Under the four seasons and the meteorite, we found out about the universe and how unreliable comets can be!
November 9th The Royal Society of Chemistry Global Experiment
This was serious stuff.
Dr Beth and Dr Dave of the RSC were both there to help everyone find out how much vitamin c is to be found in various types of fruit and veg. Ed and Sarah of The University of Bath Spa also helped out.
It was a really serious exercise so the more helpers the better!
Ros also from the University of Bath Spa helped out too.
Sometimes it was very intriguing,
sometimes it was serious in a fun sort of way.
Everyone had to be very careful when preparing for each experiment,
and working it out required quite a lot of concentration.
Ed was a great help and there was a lot to learn.
Mashing the food up was quite hard work. Some people liked that bit of the experiment others didn't.
Then came the difficult bit, measuring out accurate quantities.
What was needed was great concentration and a steady hand.
and 'eureka!', a successful, serious fun afternoon.
November 9th Helping the Birds to Prepare for Winter
with Dr Roger Moses of The Hawk and Owl Trust
Roger brought some bird nesting box kits and told us all about bird nests especially local sites.
Then everyone started to assemble the nesting boxes
It wasn't straightforward. Amy a student from Norland College helped out
as did Stephanie from the University of Bath Engineering Department.
There were different tools to use, but best of all were the electric screwdrivers.
Some needed a bit of help because they were quite heavy.
The workshop was not just about making the nesting boxes. There were activities about various aspects of bird life.
Amy from Norland College explained that these nesting boxes were designed to be used by very small birds like blue tits.
Once the boxes had been assembled, they had to be varnished.
This had to be done with great care to avoid getting the varnish on clothes, the furniture and the floor.
It required a great deal of concentration and hardwork.
Drying the varnish was not very interesting but it had to be done because the nesting boxes were to be installed in Victoria Park that afternoon.
Some people volunteered to carry the boxes up to the park and one dad carried the step ladder.
Once in the park a tree was chosen.
Several people helped to install the box.
Everyone went back to BRLSI to write up notes and share their experiences.
It was a really good afternoon and great fun.
During the Autumn half term there were seven physics workshops in local libraries in B&NES and Somerset. They were
organised in conjunction with the Institute of Physics and the Physics Department of The University of Bath.
7 students and 6 BRLSI volunteers ran the workshops in Frome, Bath, Shepton Mallet, Wells, Radstock and Paulton
In Wells library
Edouard, Anshu, Pip, Jan, Emma, Tom, photo by Valentin. The students from the Physics Department who ran the workshops
The tuning fork experiment at Shepton Mallet
Checking the results for the sound waves in water experiment. Pip looks on.
Different instruments produce different sound waves and different sound waves produce different notes.
Everyone listens to the vibrations. That's what sound is about and Jan helped to explain.
David explained how the oscilloscope worked at The Central Library Bath
In Frome parents enjoyed some of the experiments too
and checked some of the resources that BRLSI and the Institute of Physics produce.
Even The Press took an interest!
Emma supervised another experiment and shared in the excitment.
The Kalimba is no ordinary instrument and it certainly make a much more magical sound than a stainless steel fork.
At Paulton Marianne helped to discover what note a particular tuning fork sounded.
Team work and concentration were essential
All the observations were recorded
The experiments were great fun,
especially feeling Caroline's voice.
At Radstock everyone got down to exploring even the simplest noises. The everyday is scientifically marvellous!
It was all very satisfactory and the students made it very worthwhile.
Cooking up Cool Science October 12th
Ed and his friends from the University of Bath Spa had planned and prepared the workshop
Ed looked a bit dangerous and an old BRLSI Member who used to be the Mayor of Bath looked over his shoulder just to make sure all was in order!
Everyone looked on. They were not sure what to expect.
Mixing the potions (accuracy was very important) was very interesting.
Using liquid nitrogen to make ice cream is a really quick method of doing it.
Was it interesting, exciting or just bonkers?
No it was quite interesting and it looked fun
Success! Ice cream
The customers couldn't wait
Some had come prepared. It wasn't a bad way to learn a little bit about the Science of Food!
How to be a scientist October 12th
The workshop was about learning about 'How to be a Scientist' So everyone had to do experiments about sound. Learning about how we hear was important.
Everybody was asked to bring something to the workshop that made a noise but NOT a musical instrument. Balloons make all sorts of noises if you help them.
Using a long tube of cardboard helps you to test the vibrations sound waves create . Then you have to record the findings on an observation sheet.
It was fun listening to a friend's voice vibrating down a piece of string 12 metres away.
Claire brought her model of an ear into the workshop. The ear captures all the vibrations and that is why we hear all that noise!
It was a very busy afternoon
Whenever you do an experiment and find something out everyone (with no exceptions) has to record all they have done and seen. Some need a little bit of help!
'mysciencefair' was at the workshop to enourage children to enter their experiments for the competititon on March 9th at the Wiltshire Music Centre in Bradford on Avon. It is open to all children, not just those who attended th BRLSI workshops.
Making the tuning fork sing is easy when you use a resonating box.
Using the oscilloscope was another fun way of finding out about sound waves.
When everyone had completed 3 or 4 experiments each team explained to the rest of the workshop what they had learned.
It is really satisfying to describe what you have been doing and a really great way to finish an exciting afternoon.
Intriguing Science Saturday September 14th 1pm - 4pm
Part of Heritage Open Doors Day
A really busy day. Hundreds came to have fun
Science is fun!
The plasma ball was most popular
The Mayor and Mayoress were intrigued
Then the Mayor had a go.
There was a lot to do, like using a microscope to find out how bank note designers work hard to prevent forgery.
Do we really have to do that to isolate our DNA?
Spit into a test tube!
The Archimedes puzzle was amazing.
But working out how the balancing box worked was easy, if you thought about it carefully.
Making the astrolabe needed careful instruction.
And working out the results needed a bit of team effort.
Adelard was there with his abacus. It is really easy and very quick to make calculations once you know how to use it.
Liz who organised the day explained all about the Science Workshops. The Mayor and Mayoress were impressed with all the different activities.
'Mysciencefair' were there too. They brought projects and encouraged everyone to sign up for the young science experimenter competition which will be judged at Wilts Music Centre on March 9th 2014
Joan looked after the weird objects table. No one guessed all ten correctly.
Watching the robot move about on its own, playing a tune, was fun too.
But building the tower, now that was a challenge.
It was a very satisfying afternoon and every who came along had great fun worked very hard.
Saturday July 27th 2pm to 4:30pm
Tree gazing with Mark Cassidy in Victoria Park and the Botanical Gardens
First everybody had to learn how to use the trail.
Finding the tree was the easy bit, we thought.
In fact not all the trees were that easy to get at, but Mark was very good at explaining.
Even so it could be a little bit confusing.
Mum explained about the bark of the plane tree
Mark explained it is the giant of the park. It is the tallest.
Really interesting when you get up close.
There it is on the map.
Getting up close is what tree gazing is all about.
Jude looked even more closely
Some of the stories about trees are really interesting
While some looked up, there was a lot to see very close to the ground
This silver maple has got a fungus growing at its base.
Then Simon found a tiny frog.
Everybody wanted to see it.
We saw the fern-leaved beech. It was a magical place.
Then it came on to rain.
And the tree trails became even more useful.
Tree gazing is amazing!
Pick up a trail from BRLSI 10am to 4pm any day except Sunday. They are free.
Saturday July 13th 1pm to 4pm
Join it! A workshop to find out about soldering.
Paul and Bob oversaw the soldering of copper pipes. It was such a hot day they decided to work in the BRLSI courtyard, but in the shade!
The first stage was to cut the pipe to length.
Once the pipe was cut, both ends of the pipe had to be smoothed down until they were neat enough to accept the solder.
Every stage of the process had to be checked
Using the blow torch was the most challenging part of the workshop.
Meanwhile up in the Lonsdale Room the skill of soldering circuit boards was being explained.
Usiing a soldering iron needs care, concentration and a delicate touch.
The instructions were detailed and had to be followed carefully. Duncan also gave some insight into the physics underlying the processes.
It was great when it all went right. At the end of the afternoon everybody went home with a copper pipe that had a good soldered joint and a small working circuit they had soldered themselves. It was worth all the 'very hot' work.
Engineering the future
Richard, the workshop leader, adjusts the protoype.
The aim was to build a model wind turbine capable of producing electricity
Building the supporting structure
Checking the magnets needed to produce electricity
All hands to complete the creation of the generator
Richard oversees the final touches
Team work was essential, as was observing and learning from other people's efforts
There was so much to do. Each team member had responsibilties. It was not straight forward.
Working on the project was all engrossing, challenging and fiddly!
June 8th 'The sound of silence and the staring at the invisible.'
It all began with silence and listening very carefully.
and finding out about invisible forces such as magenetism
or seeing the tiny, tiny foundation for life. Is this really my DNA?
There it is, that's my DNA, it's so tiny!
There was so much to observe, record and explain.
Dawn Hodgson of the Bath and Camerton Archaeological Society was also on hand to show off animal teeth from recent excavations.There was a chance to develop skills in the identification of the specimens.and to find out what the animals ate.
All the observations were checked, talked about and written down.
So that's what the 'little beasties' of pond water look like.
Amazing! Dad helps to produce the invisible, mystery writing.
Making a wave.
Using the periscope.
Preparing for the presentation
The presentation, explaining how to isolate DNA from a skin cell.
It was a really fun day.
‘Converting Light into Pictures' May 25th at The Central Library.
Preparing for the workshop,
Admiring the magic ball of flashing coloured lights
Writing up the observation of the experiment about making a rainbow
Checking the observations about the Camera Obscura
Making a pin hole camera.
Amazing mirror images.
This was the second workshop at the Central Library and it was a great success. One person attending gave it 100000000000000000 out of ten! Could it really have been that much fun?
‘Converting Light into Pictures' May 23rd at The Central Library.
It was all about using light to create pictures of all sorts.
Around the walls of Bath's Central Library there were pictures of Rev. Lockey's photographs taken in the 1850's. In the gallery there were tables full of experiments and equipment which made use of light. There was a kaleidoscope.
We used light senstive 'sun print' paper to compose and then develop our own pictures
Using mirrors it was even possible to multiply money.
We used an overhead projector to draw pictures on the white library wall without leaving a mark ....
... and interrupted light to make shadow pictures
The periscope helped us to see round corners or over objects.
We had to find out how it all worked, even the bouncing ball that made coloured patterns of light and then we made notes of our observations.
At the end we told everyone what we had learned and what we had enjoyed.
It was fun!
The flowers that bloom in the Spring. "Beautiful, colourful, happy"
Saturday May 11th. 1pm
The day began with a burst of sunshine
We set out through busy traffic.
to the Botanical Gardens
Dr Liz Vincent showed us round, pointing out all the interesting features of the flowers that bloom in Spring.
Lots of significant details...
...and some distractions.,,
even the squirrel seemed to appreciate the flowers.
but the most important thing was to look very carefully at particular flowers.
and then record the observations.
Sometimes the observations were quite adventurous!
and some of us found more than flowers.
There were so many flowers to choose from....
so much to admire.
Back at BRLSI Liz helped everyone to prepare for their presentation.
Everyone shared their knowledge and experience
It was a very successful afternoon.
Explore, Share & Develop Science Technology Engineering Maths (STEM) Activities Thursday 9th May, 15.00-17.00
Katy Glazer who co-ordinates the STEM programme for Bath and Bristol joined forces with the BRLSI Children's Workshop team to provide a training session based on 30 of the 130 science experiments which have been developed since September 2012 (when the BRLSI 'serious' fun workshops began)
Over 30 STEM Ambassadors and BRLSI Volunteers from a variety of backgrounds came to the session. All of them set about using the experiments and followed a formalised criticical pro-forma which aimed to improve the BRLSI experiments.
Each ambassador worked their way through four or five of the experiments on show. Here the pin hole camera is being scrutinised.
Taking care to prepare for the air pressure experiment using a table tennis ball and a funnel.
It was also a chance to network with other ambassadors as well as undertaking the criticism of the experiments, The plasma ball, Newton's wheel and a spectroscope experiment were located in a darkened corner of the Elwin room.
It was serious but invaluable work, which will result in the experiments on show being improved. It also gave ambassadors a chance to sample a variety of experiments many had not seen before and gave inspirational ideas for all of them.
Each year STEM ambassadors voluntarily give up hours of their time to visit schools to enthuse pupils with science in all its various facets. At the end of the afternoon 17 of the participants responded to a formal evaluation and said that the afternoon met their expectations and asked for a future similar session later in the year.
Royal Institute of Philosophy (R.I.P.) 6th form seminars certificate
presentation and last session May 1st
Students from 5 different schools met as part of the Jacobsen Fellowship Teaching programme. Chris Gifford of Bristol University led the 6 sessions, which gave all the participants a slightly different slant on the subject. At the last session Don Cameron chair of the BRLSI Philosophy Group presented 11 certificates and Betty Suchar chair of the BRLSI management committee presented representatives of the schools attending with books provided by the RIP as a permanent reminder of the project and a useful addition to the various school libraries.
The 6th form Philosophy Seminars held in the Lonsdale Room were the location
for the certifcate presentations. Henry was the first to recieve a certificate.
Dr Don Cameron presents Verity with the Royal Institute of Philosophy certificate
Betty Suchar present the books donated by The Royal Institute for Philosophy
Chris Gifford who led the seminars poses a question.
Who said philosophy was not fun ...
and very interesting if not intriguing.
Come on it's quite straight forward.
Now is that a tenable proposition?
Exactly my point of view too.
April 13th Finding Bath's Champion Trees in The Botanical Gardens
We beat the rain and found The Champions. Two of the trees, a Mediterranean Box and a Torreya nucifera, which we measured have been confirmed by The Tree Register as NEW champion trees.
Bath's Botanical Gardens were established at the suggestion of BRLSI Member Alderman Murch in the mid 19th century and another BRLSI member Edward Broome donated his collection of plants to start the gardens off. So it was quite in order for the BRLSI Children's Workshop to visit the gardens to identify champion trees and collect data to send the national Tree Register. The results of the workshop will be used in the creation of another BRLSI family trail 'Finding Bath's Champion Trees' to be published in July.
Before the brave souls who reported to BRLSI on a day of rain and wind set out on the half hour walk to 'Wembley; the education centre in the gardens, the measuring equipment had to be made and tested.
Making a clinometer
Checking that it all works correctly
Explaining how it works
Practising how to use it
The park was empty because of the foul weather
Everyone was very glad to arrive at Wembley, the Botanical Gardens Education Centre, where Mark Cassidy (B&NES tree officer) explained the methods for identifying the trees and how to record the measurements. It was raining very hard!
Mark also explained the history of the Gardens.
Checking the location of that special Champion with Mark.
Oh yes. There it is, dripping wet!
Checking measurements in The Dell. It was very wet.
The Giant Redwood.
The rain didn't stop but the recording had to be done
Now was the time to use the clinometer and ignore the rain.
Checking the measurements
Recording all the details
To measure the distance the tape has to be tight.
That really tall tree in The Dell is definitely a champion.
Thank goodness! That's it. Time to head back to Wembley.
Trying to dry out!
We found several trees that are already registered. There will be several more now, after all our efforts in the rain.
We returned to BRLSI and planned the Champion Trees Trail which we all hope will be published in time for the school summer holidays. If all goes well lots of people will be able to have fun discovering Bath's Champion Trees. They won't know that we tramped round in the pouring rain to get the information!
Enquire at BRLSI reception, 16 Queen Square, for one of the family trails already available.
Don't forget to sign up for 'The Flowers that Bloom in May' with Dr Liz Vincent. May 11th 1pm to 4pm
Go to email@example.com
A night of watery mysteries at The Roman Baths March 16th
B&NES Heritage Department invited BRLSI to provide 'watery' and Roman related experiments at their science extravaganza on Saturday evening March 16th. BRLSI member Tracey Madden volunteered to do some Physics Busking and Christine Pert and Paul Thomas supervised a series of 'watery' experiments in the education room with excellent help from Harry, a third years physics undergraduate at the University of Bath.
Tracey was in a prime position below the Temple Pediment and captivated visitors with a variety of 'tricks' including the mysteries of a sundial.
Meanwhile Harry (below) kept all the visitors enthralled with his simple but extremely informative explanations
Here Harry explains how light bends in water by using the reappearing coin trick.
Some of the young visitors were so thrilled they explained what they had discovered to their friends and family. "This is what I am going to do."
Is it really going to happen?
"You see. It did work."
It was a really useful evening and BRLSI members were able to publicise the work of the BRLSI and encourage families to come along to the 2nd Saturday afternoon 'serious fun science workshops'.
Marksbury Primary School. Everyone works hard at BRLSI Science. March 11th 2013
BRLSI was invited by the school head to provide four workshops for all the pupils at the school. It was part of the Marksbury School's science fortnight. Some of the pupils had staffed a stall at Bath University Bath Taps into Science on the previous Friday. Marksbury is serious about science. BRLSI took details of Adelard and the just launched Adelard Trail. All the experiments were related to the interests and experiences of Adelard in one way or the other. The nature and substance of water was the predominant theme.
Demonstrating how and why drops of water are cohesive.
One team was fascinated by the periscope
Using mirrors they explained, to everyone else, how the equipment works
Some of the experiments were problematic but the pupils worked hard to solve them
All the results had to be recorded and then used for the teams' presentations
Some of the presentations were unusual but very effective. This demonstrated why and how light bends when it enters water.
Preparing for the presentation was treated seriously and with great care.
In all over 90 children from ages 4 to 11 took part in the workshops. From the results of their presentations and the smiles of satisfaction the day seemed to have been very successful.
Marksbury is a remarkable little school with a great thirst for knowledge!
Awesome Science, Adelard, The Mayor and a Feast on March 9th at BRLSI
Star of the show - The Food!
Jude Harris who devised the Adelard Trail and helped with the preparation of the feast invites Adelard to help himself to a plate, Norman style!
Anna Gann who oversaw the feast preparations really enjoyed researching the Norman menu with Jude
Anna explained the way in which the feast had been planned to reflect the kind of food Adelard would have eaten. The Mayor and Mayoress have supported the BRLSI Children's Science Workshops since they began in September 2012 and kindly gave the Adelard Trail an unusual, but fun, Civic Launch to this BRLSI initiative.
It was Adelard's third visit to BRLSI Science Workshops. He brought the abacus back to 12th century Bath when he returned to the city from his foreign travels.So it was really interesting to be in one of the four groups that the famous mathematician coached during the afternnoon which explored the use of abacus.
Another instrument that Adelard brought back to Bath was the Astrolabe. He had his own astrolabe with him. Children were encouraged to make their own and then find out how to use it.
Children had to use their astrolabe to measure the height of St Michael's Church
Adelard also brought back to Bath Euclid's geometry. So Amy used a modern day computer directed robot to explain the triangle.
Adelard was also very interested in Bath's 'sacred spring' and he was well aware of the importance of water, having visited the dry lands of the Middle East; so there were experiments about water during the afternoon. Here the wonder of capillary action is explained.
All the discoveries have to be recorded and then explained.
Each team made a presentation of their findings to everyone else
When the Mayor and Mayoress arrived Betty Suchar Chair of the BRLSI Management Committee welcomed them and thanked them for awarding BRLSI a Civic Launch of the Adelard Trail.
The Mayor congratulated and encouraged everyone. He came to the first science workshop in September 2012 and has supported the initiative ever since.
The Mayoress was very interested in the abacus and remembered a time when she learned how to use it at school. She hadn't forgotten. Adelard was very impressed.
Jude who devised and designed The Adelard Trail explained that because there is very little of Norman Bath which remains, all those following the trail had to use their imagination. Adelard announced that he would be leading the very first Adelard Trail himself. Finally the Mayor launched the trail and wished all those taking part a very enjoyable afternoon.
Adelard explained that the Abbey Precinct was very important to Adelard. Although he was not a monk he was a clerical scholar and lived, researched, wrote and taught in rooms very close to the Norman Abbey, which was one of the biggest churches in Europe.
We're probably standing on the site of the Bishop's Palace.
The walk ends at the Medieval Walls. Two of the first people to complete the Adelard Trail with their guide Adelard (Michael Davis, BRLSI member)
Why don't you Walk with Adelard? You can pick up a FREE trail (which was very kindly sponsored by Bath's Charter Trustees) from BRLSI reception at 16 Queen Square, between 10am. and 4pm. Monday to Saturday.
Bath Taps into Science Friday March 8th at The Founders Hall University of Bath
BRLSI members Steve Kimmins, Roger Moses, Richard Hartley and Paul Thomas set up a stall as part of Bath Taps into Science and over a period of five and a half hours it is reputed that they enteratined 1,000 school children with simple experiments dealing with aspects of light and magnetism.
Steve adjusts the telescope so that children can see Saturn (high on the sports hall wall)!
Getting your hands on science!
With a little bit of confidence anyone can do it.
Measure the time it takes for a magnet travel down tubes of different materials
You've done the experiment now you have to work out what happened and why!
It really was amazing, hundreds of children enraptured with science!
February 9th Particle Physics children's workshop in the Elwin Room with students from Norland College, University of Bath, University of Bath Spa and BRLSI Volunteers
Checking the structure of a crystal
Preparing a learning aid
Students explaining the structure of crystals using models
I think I understand
Kerrianne who led the workshop explains
The explanation can be fun
and thought provoking
Writing up the results.
In the park to understand the enormity of the subject
What if the obelisk were to be a.....
Moving a can with the static electricity from a balloon
Completing the observation sheet
Spinning straws with static!
The static electricity experiments.
Preparing for the presentation
The team presents
Explaining the findings
Photographing the interesting bits
I learned such a lot. This is the key diagram.
Silent Killers of The NightJanuary 12th 2013
Finding out all about owls and hawks,
Getting ready to dissect owls pellets
Dissecting the pellets
Drawing the feathers
Putting feathers under the microscope
Bones are really amazing!
Observing very carefully and recording the observations of bones
Hearing an explanation
Presenting the findings
The team's group report
We found out a lot about owls
The main food of barn owls is field voles.
It was a really fun day and we learned a lot.
Light with Adelard. December 8th 2012
Adelard helps keen young scientists make an astrolabe
Kerrianne from University of Bath assists with the final touches to the Astrolabe
Working on the Optics Bench
Now that's scientific magic! Conducting electricity.
Making electricity by shaking magnets.
Pointing out the electricty on the Plasma Ball
Plasma Ball Fun
Working out the sundial
How far away is the spire of St Michael's? And what on earth are those people doing in Queen Sq?
Completing the electric circle
Getting ready for team work
Portrait of the star of the show The Plasm Ball, by Abigail
Discussing the effectiveness of a pinhole camera
Science Workshop with Paulton Junior School
Studying an aspect of wind pressure
Making careful observations
Working as a team
The blowing of a small ball of paper into a bottle experiment. IT CAN'T BE DONE. WHY?
Working out the significance of Newton's Wheel.
Working out static electricity at the foot of the monster
Recording how the pencil bent and why.
Reporting on why the candle blowing experiment was inaccurate
Fun with weeds - A BRLSI Saturday Afternoon Kids' Workshop
held on October 13th
WONDERFUL WEAPONS with Brian Godwin BRLSI weapons expert
Awesome Science October 31st
A problem with cogs
Success with cogs!
Examining the pooter
Tracking the robot
Pictures of Party in a Tree on Saturday November 10th with Mark Cassidy B&NES Tree Officer.
A BRLSI KIDS' WORKSHOP
Learning to measure the height of a tree
Learning to identify the things that live in a tree
Learning to measure the girth of a tree and thus age it
During the afternoon 15 children along with parents and BRLSI volunteers, visited Victoria Park and learned lots of skills and also learned how to record all the information
It was a really sunny afternoon, so collecting the information was even more fun
Teamwork was very important
Back at BRLSI in Queen Square everyone had to analyse and discuss their results
It wasn't always easy and required concentration
The observations and results had to be checked
And everything recorded.
Including the fact that it was great fun!
always book in advance for workshops